Pregnant women's third trimester exercise behaviors, body mass index, and pregnancy outcomes

Danielle Symons Downs, Heather A. Hausenblas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pregnancy and postpartum are determinants of sedentary and low active lifestyles. Before effective physical activity interventions are implemented within this population, it is necessary to prospectively examine, during each trimester, their exercise determinants and behaviors within a theoretical framework. The purposes of this study were to: (a) prospectively examine women's third trimester exercise intention and behavior using the theory of planned behavior (TPB), and (b) examine group differences across the TPB constructs, body mass index (BMI), and birth outcomes for women exercising and not exercising during their third trimester. Participants were 62 pregnant women who completed self-report measures during their third trimester and 6-weeks postpartum. We found that: (a) intention predicted exercise behavior; (b) subjective norm predicted exercise intention; and (c) women exercising during their third trimester had significantly lower postpartum BMI and significantly heavier and longer babies than women not exercising during their third trimester. Our findings support the TPB for understanding women's exercise intention and behavior during their third trimester of pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)545-559
Number of pages15
JournalPsychology and Health
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2007

Fingerprint

Third Pregnancy Trimester
Pregnancy Outcome
Pregnant Women
Body Mass Index
Exercise
Postpartum Period
Self Report
Life Style
Parturition
Pregnancy
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

@article{ac58cc6f0f534dfcb4ace16cd4789fb0,
title = "Pregnant women's third trimester exercise behaviors, body mass index, and pregnancy outcomes",
abstract = "Pregnancy and postpartum are determinants of sedentary and low active lifestyles. Before effective physical activity interventions are implemented within this population, it is necessary to prospectively examine, during each trimester, their exercise determinants and behaviors within a theoretical framework. The purposes of this study were to: (a) prospectively examine women's third trimester exercise intention and behavior using the theory of planned behavior (TPB), and (b) examine group differences across the TPB constructs, body mass index (BMI), and birth outcomes for women exercising and not exercising during their third trimester. Participants were 62 pregnant women who completed self-report measures during their third trimester and 6-weeks postpartum. We found that: (a) intention predicted exercise behavior; (b) subjective norm predicted exercise intention; and (c) women exercising during their third trimester had significantly lower postpartum BMI and significantly heavier and longer babies than women not exercising during their third trimester. Our findings support the TPB for understanding women's exercise intention and behavior during their third trimester of pregnancy.",
author = "Downs, {Danielle Symons} and Hausenblas, {Heather A.}",
year = "2007",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/14768320701372018",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "22",
pages = "545--559",
journal = "Psychology and Health",
issn = "0887-0446",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "5",

}

Pregnant women's third trimester exercise behaviors, body mass index, and pregnancy outcomes. / Downs, Danielle Symons; Hausenblas, Heather A.

In: Psychology and Health, Vol. 22, No. 5, 01.07.2007, p. 545-559.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Pregnant women's third trimester exercise behaviors, body mass index, and pregnancy outcomes

AU - Downs, Danielle Symons

AU - Hausenblas, Heather A.

PY - 2007/7/1

Y1 - 2007/7/1

N2 - Pregnancy and postpartum are determinants of sedentary and low active lifestyles. Before effective physical activity interventions are implemented within this population, it is necessary to prospectively examine, during each trimester, their exercise determinants and behaviors within a theoretical framework. The purposes of this study were to: (a) prospectively examine women's third trimester exercise intention and behavior using the theory of planned behavior (TPB), and (b) examine group differences across the TPB constructs, body mass index (BMI), and birth outcomes for women exercising and not exercising during their third trimester. Participants were 62 pregnant women who completed self-report measures during their third trimester and 6-weeks postpartum. We found that: (a) intention predicted exercise behavior; (b) subjective norm predicted exercise intention; and (c) women exercising during their third trimester had significantly lower postpartum BMI and significantly heavier and longer babies than women not exercising during their third trimester. Our findings support the TPB for understanding women's exercise intention and behavior during their third trimester of pregnancy.

AB - Pregnancy and postpartum are determinants of sedentary and low active lifestyles. Before effective physical activity interventions are implemented within this population, it is necessary to prospectively examine, during each trimester, their exercise determinants and behaviors within a theoretical framework. The purposes of this study were to: (a) prospectively examine women's third trimester exercise intention and behavior using the theory of planned behavior (TPB), and (b) examine group differences across the TPB constructs, body mass index (BMI), and birth outcomes for women exercising and not exercising during their third trimester. Participants were 62 pregnant women who completed self-report measures during their third trimester and 6-weeks postpartum. We found that: (a) intention predicted exercise behavior; (b) subjective norm predicted exercise intention; and (c) women exercising during their third trimester had significantly lower postpartum BMI and significantly heavier and longer babies than women not exercising during their third trimester. Our findings support the TPB for understanding women's exercise intention and behavior during their third trimester of pregnancy.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=34250329835&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=34250329835&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/14768320701372018

DO - 10.1080/14768320701372018

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:34250329835

VL - 22

SP - 545

EP - 559

JO - Psychology and Health

JF - Psychology and Health

SN - 0887-0446

IS - 5

ER -