Preharvest 1-methylcyclopropene delays fruit maturity and reduces softening and superficial scald of apples during long-term storage

Steve J. McArtney, John D. Obermiller, James Rawlinson Schupp, Michael L. Parker, Todd B. Edgington

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three experiments were undertaken to evaluate the effects of different preharvest 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) spray treatments on apple (Malus x domestica Borkh.) fruit maturity at harvest and quality after long-term storage in a regular atmosphere or controlled atmosphere (CA). Trees were sprayed within 7 days of the anticipated harvest date (H) and fruit for long-term storage were sampled at either H in the case of 'Law Rome' or at harvest dates that were delayed by up to 21 days (H + 21) in the case of 'Golden Delicious' and 'Law Rome'. Preharvest 1-MCP sprays within 7 days of H reduced fruit drop, internal ethylene concentration, and starch index and reduced firmness loss during long-term storage of fruit at delayed harvest dates but had only minor effects on fruit maturity at H. Preharvest 1-MCP sprays reduced the incidence of superficial scald on 'Law Rome' apples more effectively than either diphenylamine or CA storage. Application of 1-MCP within 7 days of H may be used to delay harvest date, thereby allowing continued fruit growth without a concomitant advance in fruit maturity and to reduce firmness loss and superficial scald during long-term storage both for normal and delayed harvests.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)366-371
Number of pages6
JournalHortscience: A Publication of the American Society for Hortcultural Science
Volume43
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2008

Fingerprint

fruit maturity
harvest date
1-methylcyclopropene
apples
fruits
firmness
diphenylamine
fruit drop
controlled atmosphere storage
Malus
ethylene
starch
incidence

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Horticulture
  • Plant Science

Cite this

@article{1a1838cc11664ecfa0188ed6214e9d54,
title = "Preharvest 1-methylcyclopropene delays fruit maturity and reduces softening and superficial scald of apples during long-term storage",
abstract = "Three experiments were undertaken to evaluate the effects of different preharvest 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) spray treatments on apple (Malus x domestica Borkh.) fruit maturity at harvest and quality after long-term storage in a regular atmosphere or controlled atmosphere (CA). Trees were sprayed within 7 days of the anticipated harvest date (H) and fruit for long-term storage were sampled at either H in the case of 'Law Rome' or at harvest dates that were delayed by up to 21 days (H + 21) in the case of 'Golden Delicious' and 'Law Rome'. Preharvest 1-MCP sprays within 7 days of H reduced fruit drop, internal ethylene concentration, and starch index and reduced firmness loss during long-term storage of fruit at delayed harvest dates but had only minor effects on fruit maturity at H. Preharvest 1-MCP sprays reduced the incidence of superficial scald on 'Law Rome' apples more effectively than either diphenylamine or CA storage. Application of 1-MCP within 7 days of H may be used to delay harvest date, thereby allowing continued fruit growth without a concomitant advance in fruit maturity and to reduce firmness loss and superficial scald during long-term storage both for normal and delayed harvests.",
author = "McArtney, {Steve J.} and Obermiller, {John D.} and Schupp, {James Rawlinson} and Parker, {Michael L.} and Edgington, {Todd B.}",
year = "2008",
month = "4",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "43",
pages = "366--371",
journal = "Hortscience: A Publication of the American Society for Hortcultural Science",
issn = "0018-5345",
publisher = "American Society for Horticultural Science",
number = "2",

}

Preharvest 1-methylcyclopropene delays fruit maturity and reduces softening and superficial scald of apples during long-term storage. / McArtney, Steve J.; Obermiller, John D.; Schupp, James Rawlinson; Parker, Michael L.; Edgington, Todd B.

In: Hortscience: A Publication of the American Society for Hortcultural Science, Vol. 43, No. 2, 04.2008, p. 366-371.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Preharvest 1-methylcyclopropene delays fruit maturity and reduces softening and superficial scald of apples during long-term storage

AU - McArtney, Steve J.

AU - Obermiller, John D.

AU - Schupp, James Rawlinson

AU - Parker, Michael L.

AU - Edgington, Todd B.

PY - 2008/4

Y1 - 2008/4

N2 - Three experiments were undertaken to evaluate the effects of different preharvest 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) spray treatments on apple (Malus x domestica Borkh.) fruit maturity at harvest and quality after long-term storage in a regular atmosphere or controlled atmosphere (CA). Trees were sprayed within 7 days of the anticipated harvest date (H) and fruit for long-term storage were sampled at either H in the case of 'Law Rome' or at harvest dates that were delayed by up to 21 days (H + 21) in the case of 'Golden Delicious' and 'Law Rome'. Preharvest 1-MCP sprays within 7 days of H reduced fruit drop, internal ethylene concentration, and starch index and reduced firmness loss during long-term storage of fruit at delayed harvest dates but had only minor effects on fruit maturity at H. Preharvest 1-MCP sprays reduced the incidence of superficial scald on 'Law Rome' apples more effectively than either diphenylamine or CA storage. Application of 1-MCP within 7 days of H may be used to delay harvest date, thereby allowing continued fruit growth without a concomitant advance in fruit maturity and to reduce firmness loss and superficial scald during long-term storage both for normal and delayed harvests.

AB - Three experiments were undertaken to evaluate the effects of different preharvest 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) spray treatments on apple (Malus x domestica Borkh.) fruit maturity at harvest and quality after long-term storage in a regular atmosphere or controlled atmosphere (CA). Trees were sprayed within 7 days of the anticipated harvest date (H) and fruit for long-term storage were sampled at either H in the case of 'Law Rome' or at harvest dates that were delayed by up to 21 days (H + 21) in the case of 'Golden Delicious' and 'Law Rome'. Preharvest 1-MCP sprays within 7 days of H reduced fruit drop, internal ethylene concentration, and starch index and reduced firmness loss during long-term storage of fruit at delayed harvest dates but had only minor effects on fruit maturity at H. Preharvest 1-MCP sprays reduced the incidence of superficial scald on 'Law Rome' apples more effectively than either diphenylamine or CA storage. Application of 1-MCP within 7 days of H may be used to delay harvest date, thereby allowing continued fruit growth without a concomitant advance in fruit maturity and to reduce firmness loss and superficial scald during long-term storage both for normal and delayed harvests.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=41149087260&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=41149087260&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:41149087260

VL - 43

SP - 366

EP - 371

JO - Hortscience: A Publication of the American Society for Hortcultural Science

JF - Hortscience: A Publication of the American Society for Hortcultural Science

SN - 0018-5345

IS - 2

ER -