Preliminary effects of a leisure education program to promote healthy use of free time among middle school adolescents

Linda L. Caldwell, Cheryl K. Baldwin, Theodore Walls, Ed Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

75 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper documents the development and first year evaluation of the TimeWise: Learning Lifelong Leisure Skills curriculum, which aims to increase positive free time use, and mitigate or prevent the initiation of substance use and abuse. The sample was comprised of 634 school youth attending nine middle schools in a rural area in eastern United States. Results from self-report data indicate that students who received the TimeWise curriculum reported being less annotivated and more motivated by identified and introjected forms of motivation. Students in TimeWise reported being better able to restructure boring situations into something more interesting; having higher levels of decision making skills, initiative, community awareness; and participating in new interests, sports, and nature-based activities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)310-335
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Leisure Research
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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