Prenatal Caloric Intake and the Development of Academic Achievement Among U.S. Children From Ages 5 to 14

Eric J. Connolly, Kevin M. Beaver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations


Few studies have examined the relation between maternal caloric intake during pregnancy and growth in child academic achievement while controlling for important confounding influences. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, the current study examined the effects of reduced prenatal caloric intake on growth in scores on the Peabody Individual Achievement Test from ages 5 to 14. While models controlling for within-family covariates showed that prenatal caloric intake was associated with lower reading and mathematical achievement at age 5, models controlling for between-family covariates (such as maternal IQ) and unobserved familial confounders revealed only a statistically significant association between siblings differentially exposed to prenatal caloric intake and mathematical achievement at age 5.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1738-1758
Number of pages21
JournalChild development
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2015


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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