Preoperative electrocardiographic risk assessment of atrial fibrillation after coronary artery bypass grafting

Yi Gang, Katerina Hnatkova, Kaushik Mandal, Azad Ghuran, Marek Malik

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20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Electrocardiographic Assessment of AF. Introduction: This study evaluated the role of surface ECG in assessment of risk of new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG). Methods andResults: One hundred fifty-one patients (126 men and 25 women; age 65 ± 10 years) without a history of AF undergoing primary elective and isolated CABG were studied. Standard 12-lead ECGs and P wave signal-averaged ECG (PSAE) were recorded 24 hours before CABG using a MAC VU ECG recorder. In addition to routine ECG measurements, two P wave (P wave complexity ratio [pCR]; P wave morphology dispersion [PMD]) and six T wave morphology descriptors (total cosine R to T [TCRT]; T wave morphology dispersion of ascending and descending part of the T wave [aTMD and dTMD], and others), and three PSAE indices (filtered P wave duration [PD]; root mean square voltage of terminal 20 msec of averaged P wave [RMS20]; and integral of P wave [Pi]) were investigated. During a mean hospital stay of 7.3 ± 6.2 days after CABG, 40 (26%) patients developed AF (AF group) and 111 remained AF-free (no AF group). AF patients were older (69 ± 9 years vs 64 ± 10 years, P = 0.005). PD (135 ± 9 msec vs 133 ± 12 msec, P = NS) and RMS20 (4.5 ± 1.7 μV vs 4.0 ± 1.6 μV, P = NS) in AF were similar to that in no AF, whereas Pi was significantly increased in AF (757 ± 230 μVmsec vs 659 ± 206 μVmsec, P = 0.007). Both pCR (32 ± 11 vs 27 ± 10) and PMD (31.5 ± 14.0 vs 26.4 ± 12.3) were significantly greater in AF (P = 0.012 and 0.048, respectively). TCRT (0.028 ± 0.596 vs 0.310 ± 0.542, P = 0.009) and dTMD (0.63 ± 0.03 vs 0.64 ± 0.02, P = 0.004) were significantly reduced in AF compared with no AF. Measurements of aTMD and three other T wave descriptors were similar in AF and no AF. Significant variables by univariate analysis, including advanced age (P = 0.014), impaired left ventricular function (P = 0.02), greater Pi (P = 0.012), and lower TCRT (P = 0.007) or dTMD, were entered into multiple logistic regression models. Increased Pi (P = 0.038), reduced TCRT (P = 0.040), and lower dTMD (P = 0.014) predicted AF after CABG independently. In patients <70 years, a linear combination of increased pCR and lower TCRT separated AF and no AF with a sensitivity of 74% and specificity of 62% (P = 0.005). Conclusion: ECG assessment identifies patients vulnerable to AF after CABG. Combination of ECG parameters assessed preoperatively may play an important role in predicting new-onset AF after CABG.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1379-1386
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of cardiovascular electrophysiology
Volume15
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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