Preparation and characterization of novel CO2 "molecular basket" adsorbents based on polymer-modified mesoporous molecular sieve MCM-41

Xiaochun Xu, Chunshan Song, John M. Andrésen, Bruce G. Miller, Alan W. Scaroni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

603 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Novel CO2 "molecular basket" adsorbents were prepared by synthesizing and modifying the mesoporous molecular sieve of MCM-41 type with polyethylenimine (PEI). The MCM-41-PEI adsorbents were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), N2 adsorption/desorption, thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) as well as the CO2 adsorption/desorption performance. This paper reports on the effects of preparation conditions (PEI loadings, preparation methods, PEI loading procedures, types of solvents, solvent/MCM-41 ratios, addition of additive, and Si/Al ratios of MCM-41) on the CO2 adsorption/desorption performance of MCM-41-PEI. With the increase in PEI loading, the surface area, pore size and pore volume of the PEI-loaded MCM-41 adsorbent decreased. When the PEI loading was higher than 30 wt.%, the mesoporous pores began to be filled with PEI and the mesoporous molecular sieve MCM-41 showed a synergetic effect on the adsorption of CO2 by PEI. At PEI loading of 50 wt.% in MCM-41-PEI, the highest CO2 adsorption capacity of 246 mg/g-PEI was obtained, which is 30 times higher than that of the MCM-41 and is about 2.3 times that of the pure PEI. Impregnation was found to be a better method for the preparation of MCM-41-PEI adsorbents than mechanical mixing method. The adsorbent prepared by a one-step impregnation method had a higher CO2 adsorption capacity than that of prepared by a two-step impregnation method. The higher the Si/Al ratio of MCM-41 or the solvent/MCM-41 ratio, the higher the CO2 adsorption capacity. Using polyethylene glycol as additive into the MCM-41-PEI adsorbent increased not only the CO2 adsorption capacity, but also the rates of CO2 adsorption/desorption. A simple model was proposed to account for the synergetic effect of MCM-41 on the adsorption of CO2 by PEI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29-45
Number of pages17
JournalMicroporous and Mesoporous Materials
Volume62
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2003

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baskets
Polyethyleneimine
Molecular sieves
Multicarrier modulation
absorbents
adsorbents
Adsorbents
Polymers
preparation
adsorption
polymers
Adsorption
desorption
Impregnation
porosity
Desorption
MCM-41
Thermal desorption
glycols
polyethylenes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cite this

@article{1dbc98f03f52482599bd86403302f7f4,
title = "Preparation and characterization of novel CO2 {"}molecular basket{"} adsorbents based on polymer-modified mesoporous molecular sieve MCM-41",
abstract = "Novel CO2 {"}molecular basket{"} adsorbents were prepared by synthesizing and modifying the mesoporous molecular sieve of MCM-41 type with polyethylenimine (PEI). The MCM-41-PEI adsorbents were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), N2 adsorption/desorption, thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) as well as the CO2 adsorption/desorption performance. This paper reports on the effects of preparation conditions (PEI loadings, preparation methods, PEI loading procedures, types of solvents, solvent/MCM-41 ratios, addition of additive, and Si/Al ratios of MCM-41) on the CO2 adsorption/desorption performance of MCM-41-PEI. With the increase in PEI loading, the surface area, pore size and pore volume of the PEI-loaded MCM-41 adsorbent decreased. When the PEI loading was higher than 30 wt.{\%}, the mesoporous pores began to be filled with PEI and the mesoporous molecular sieve MCM-41 showed a synergetic effect on the adsorption of CO2 by PEI. At PEI loading of 50 wt.{\%} in MCM-41-PEI, the highest CO2 adsorption capacity of 246 mg/g-PEI was obtained, which is 30 times higher than that of the MCM-41 and is about 2.3 times that of the pure PEI. Impregnation was found to be a better method for the preparation of MCM-41-PEI adsorbents than mechanical mixing method. The adsorbent prepared by a one-step impregnation method had a higher CO2 adsorption capacity than that of prepared by a two-step impregnation method. The higher the Si/Al ratio of MCM-41 or the solvent/MCM-41 ratio, the higher the CO2 adsorption capacity. Using polyethylene glycol as additive into the MCM-41-PEI adsorbent increased not only the CO2 adsorption capacity, but also the rates of CO2 adsorption/desorption. A simple model was proposed to account for the synergetic effect of MCM-41 on the adsorption of CO2 by PEI.",
author = "Xiaochun Xu and Chunshan Song and Andr{\'e}sen, {John M.} and Miller, {Bruce G.} and Scaroni, {Alan W.}",
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Preparation and characterization of novel CO2 "molecular basket" adsorbents based on polymer-modified mesoporous molecular sieve MCM-41. / Xu, Xiaochun; Song, Chunshan; Andrésen, John M.; Miller, Bruce G.; Scaroni, Alan W.

In: Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Vol. 62, No. 1-2, 01.08.2003, p. 29-45.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Preparation and characterization of novel CO2 "molecular basket" adsorbents based on polymer-modified mesoporous molecular sieve MCM-41

AU - Xu, Xiaochun

AU - Song, Chunshan

AU - Andrésen, John M.

AU - Miller, Bruce G.

AU - Scaroni, Alan W.

PY - 2003/8/1

Y1 - 2003/8/1

N2 - Novel CO2 "molecular basket" adsorbents were prepared by synthesizing and modifying the mesoporous molecular sieve of MCM-41 type with polyethylenimine (PEI). The MCM-41-PEI adsorbents were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), N2 adsorption/desorption, thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) as well as the CO2 adsorption/desorption performance. This paper reports on the effects of preparation conditions (PEI loadings, preparation methods, PEI loading procedures, types of solvents, solvent/MCM-41 ratios, addition of additive, and Si/Al ratios of MCM-41) on the CO2 adsorption/desorption performance of MCM-41-PEI. With the increase in PEI loading, the surface area, pore size and pore volume of the PEI-loaded MCM-41 adsorbent decreased. When the PEI loading was higher than 30 wt.%, the mesoporous pores began to be filled with PEI and the mesoporous molecular sieve MCM-41 showed a synergetic effect on the adsorption of CO2 by PEI. At PEI loading of 50 wt.% in MCM-41-PEI, the highest CO2 adsorption capacity of 246 mg/g-PEI was obtained, which is 30 times higher than that of the MCM-41 and is about 2.3 times that of the pure PEI. Impregnation was found to be a better method for the preparation of MCM-41-PEI adsorbents than mechanical mixing method. The adsorbent prepared by a one-step impregnation method had a higher CO2 adsorption capacity than that of prepared by a two-step impregnation method. The higher the Si/Al ratio of MCM-41 or the solvent/MCM-41 ratio, the higher the CO2 adsorption capacity. Using polyethylene glycol as additive into the MCM-41-PEI adsorbent increased not only the CO2 adsorption capacity, but also the rates of CO2 adsorption/desorption. A simple model was proposed to account for the synergetic effect of MCM-41 on the adsorption of CO2 by PEI.

AB - Novel CO2 "molecular basket" adsorbents were prepared by synthesizing and modifying the mesoporous molecular sieve of MCM-41 type with polyethylenimine (PEI). The MCM-41-PEI adsorbents were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), N2 adsorption/desorption, thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) as well as the CO2 adsorption/desorption performance. This paper reports on the effects of preparation conditions (PEI loadings, preparation methods, PEI loading procedures, types of solvents, solvent/MCM-41 ratios, addition of additive, and Si/Al ratios of MCM-41) on the CO2 adsorption/desorption performance of MCM-41-PEI. With the increase in PEI loading, the surface area, pore size and pore volume of the PEI-loaded MCM-41 adsorbent decreased. When the PEI loading was higher than 30 wt.%, the mesoporous pores began to be filled with PEI and the mesoporous molecular sieve MCM-41 showed a synergetic effect on the adsorption of CO2 by PEI. At PEI loading of 50 wt.% in MCM-41-PEI, the highest CO2 adsorption capacity of 246 mg/g-PEI was obtained, which is 30 times higher than that of the MCM-41 and is about 2.3 times that of the pure PEI. Impregnation was found to be a better method for the preparation of MCM-41-PEI adsorbents than mechanical mixing method. The adsorbent prepared by a one-step impregnation method had a higher CO2 adsorption capacity than that of prepared by a two-step impregnation method. The higher the Si/Al ratio of MCM-41 or the solvent/MCM-41 ratio, the higher the CO2 adsorption capacity. Using polyethylene glycol as additive into the MCM-41-PEI adsorbent increased not only the CO2 adsorption capacity, but also the rates of CO2 adsorption/desorption. A simple model was proposed to account for the synergetic effect of MCM-41 on the adsorption of CO2 by PEI.

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