Preparation and properties of oriented sorghum-thermoplastic composites using flat hot-pressing technology

Chusheng Qi, Vikram Yadama, Kangquan Guo, Michael P. Wolcott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

In order to increase the value of sorghum for bioethanol products, a new method of fabricating oriented sorghum fiber and high-density polyethylene composites (OFPC) using flat hot-pressing technology is presented in this study. The effect of high-density polyethylene (HDPE) loading (0, 10, 20, 30, 40wt %) on the physical and mechanical properties of OFPC was analyzed. In addition, the mat compression properties, vertical density profile, and microscopic structure of the resulting OFPC were examined. Improvement in mechanical and physical properties of OFPC was observed when 10% HDPE was included with sorghum fiber in the composites. HDPE loading greater than 10% did not further enhance the mechanical properties of OFPC, but improved their water resistance ability. Lower consolidation pressure was required to condense the composite mats with higher HDPE loadings during the hot pressing process. The density distribution of OFPC was greatly improved by the addition of HDPE, but larger density fluctuation was observed at higher HDPE loading.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1241-1252
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites
Volume34
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 21 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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