Preparation of 2-alkyl- and 2-acylpropenals from 5-(trifluoromethanesulfonyloxy)-4H-1,3-dioxin: A versatile acrolein α-cation synthon

Stephen P. Fearnley, Raymond L. Funk, Robert J. Gregg

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Abstract

5-(Trifluoromethanesulfonyloxy)-4H-1,3-dioxin (3) participates in a variety of nucleophilic substitution reactions with cuprate reagents or in palladium catalyzed cross-coupling reactions to provide 5-substituted-4H-1,3-dioxins 5. Upon thermolysis, these compounds undergo facile retrocycloaddition reactions to generate the corresponding 2-substituted acroleins which, if necessary, can be trapped in situ with dienes or heterodienophiles. In particular, the heretofore unknown 2-acylacroleins can be generated using this methodology and trapped with enol ethers to afford 5-acyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrans (6g,h), a substructural unit common to many natural products. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10275-10281
Number of pages7
JournalTetrahedron
Volume56
Issue number52
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 22 2000

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Drug Discovery
  • Organic Chemistry

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