Prescription and adherence to lymphedema self-care modalities among women with breast cancer-related lymphedema

Justin C. Brown, Andrea L. Cheville, Julia C. Tchou, Susan R. Harris, Kathryn Schmitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To profile the prescription for and adherence to breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL) self-care modalities among breast cancer (BrCa) survivors with BCRL in a 12-month randomized weightlifting trial. Methods: We developed a questionnaire that assessed prescription for and adherence to 10 BCRL self-care modalities that included physical therapy exercise, pneumatic compression pump, medication, lymphedema bandaging, arm elevation, self-administered lymphatic drainage, therapist-administered lymphatic drainage, compression garments, skin care, and taping. We measured prescription for and adherence to BCRL self-care modalities at baseline, 3, 6, and 12 months. Longitudinal logistic regression was used to estimate the odds ratio (OR) and 95 % confidence interval (95 % CI) associated with prescription for and adherence to BCRL modalities over time. Results: This study included 141 BrCa survivors with BCRL. Women were prescribed an average of 3.6 ± 2.1 BCRL self-care modalities during the study. The prescription for therapist-administered lymphatic drainage (OR = 0.92, 95 % CI 0.88-0.96), pneumatic compression pump use (OR = 0.94, 95 % CI 0.89-0.98), and bandaging (OR = 0.96, 95 % CI 0.93-0.99) decreased over 12 months of follow-up. No other prescribed BCRL self-care modalities changed during the study. Over 12 months, the average adherence to all BCRL self-care modalities varied with 13, 24, 32, and 31 % of women reporting <25, 25-49, 50-74, and ≥75 % adherence, respectively. Over 12 months, there was a noticeable change from high to low adherence in self-administered lymphatic drainage, such that there was a 15 % increased likelihood of adherence <25 % compared to ≥75 % (OR = 1.15 (95 % CI 1.05-1.26); p = 0.002). The adherence patterns of all other modalities did not change over follow-up. Conclusions: Our findings suggest the prescription for BCRL self-care modalities is variable. The average adherence to BCRL self-care was non-optimal. Future research is necessary to prepare BrCa survivors with the knowledge, skills, abilities, and resources necessary to care for this lifelong condition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)135-143
Number of pages9
JournalSupportive Care in Cancer
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

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Lymphedema
Self Care
Prescriptions
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Drainage
Survivors
Breast Neoplasms
Breast Cancer Lymphedema
Skin Care
Clothing
Logistic Models
Exercise

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology

Cite this

Brown, Justin C. ; Cheville, Andrea L. ; Tchou, Julia C. ; Harris, Susan R. ; Schmitz, Kathryn. / Prescription and adherence to lymphedema self-care modalities among women with breast cancer-related lymphedema. In: Supportive Care in Cancer. 2014 ; Vol. 22, No. 1. pp. 135-143.
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abstract = "Purpose: To profile the prescription for and adherence to breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL) self-care modalities among breast cancer (BrCa) survivors with BCRL in a 12-month randomized weightlifting trial. Methods: We developed a questionnaire that assessed prescription for and adherence to 10 BCRL self-care modalities that included physical therapy exercise, pneumatic compression pump, medication, lymphedema bandaging, arm elevation, self-administered lymphatic drainage, therapist-administered lymphatic drainage, compression garments, skin care, and taping. We measured prescription for and adherence to BCRL self-care modalities at baseline, 3, 6, and 12 months. Longitudinal logistic regression was used to estimate the odds ratio (OR) and 95 {\%} confidence interval (95 {\%} CI) associated with prescription for and adherence to BCRL modalities over time. Results: This study included 141 BrCa survivors with BCRL. Women were prescribed an average of 3.6 ± 2.1 BCRL self-care modalities during the study. The prescription for therapist-administered lymphatic drainage (OR = 0.92, 95 {\%} CI 0.88-0.96), pneumatic compression pump use (OR = 0.94, 95 {\%} CI 0.89-0.98), and bandaging (OR = 0.96, 95 {\%} CI 0.93-0.99) decreased over 12 months of follow-up. No other prescribed BCRL self-care modalities changed during the study. Over 12 months, the average adherence to all BCRL self-care modalities varied with 13, 24, 32, and 31 {\%} of women reporting <25, 25-49, 50-74, and ≥75 {\%} adherence, respectively. Over 12 months, there was a noticeable change from high to low adherence in self-administered lymphatic drainage, such that there was a 15 {\%} increased likelihood of adherence <25 {\%} compared to ≥75 {\%} (OR = 1.15 (95 {\%} CI 1.05-1.26); p = 0.002). The adherence patterns of all other modalities did not change over follow-up. Conclusions: Our findings suggest the prescription for BCRL self-care modalities is variable. The average adherence to BCRL self-care was non-optimal. Future research is necessary to prepare BrCa survivors with the knowledge, skills, abilities, and resources necessary to care for this lifelong condition.",
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Prescription and adherence to lymphedema self-care modalities among women with breast cancer-related lymphedema. / Brown, Justin C.; Cheville, Andrea L.; Tchou, Julia C.; Harris, Susan R.; Schmitz, Kathryn.

In: Supportive Care in Cancer, Vol. 22, No. 1, 01.01.2014, p. 135-143.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prescription and adherence to lymphedema self-care modalities among women with breast cancer-related lymphedema

AU - Brown, Justin C.

AU - Cheville, Andrea L.

AU - Tchou, Julia C.

AU - Harris, Susan R.

AU - Schmitz, Kathryn

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Purpose: To profile the prescription for and adherence to breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL) self-care modalities among breast cancer (BrCa) survivors with BCRL in a 12-month randomized weightlifting trial. Methods: We developed a questionnaire that assessed prescription for and adherence to 10 BCRL self-care modalities that included physical therapy exercise, pneumatic compression pump, medication, lymphedema bandaging, arm elevation, self-administered lymphatic drainage, therapist-administered lymphatic drainage, compression garments, skin care, and taping. We measured prescription for and adherence to BCRL self-care modalities at baseline, 3, 6, and 12 months. Longitudinal logistic regression was used to estimate the odds ratio (OR) and 95 % confidence interval (95 % CI) associated with prescription for and adherence to BCRL modalities over time. Results: This study included 141 BrCa survivors with BCRL. Women were prescribed an average of 3.6 ± 2.1 BCRL self-care modalities during the study. The prescription for therapist-administered lymphatic drainage (OR = 0.92, 95 % CI 0.88-0.96), pneumatic compression pump use (OR = 0.94, 95 % CI 0.89-0.98), and bandaging (OR = 0.96, 95 % CI 0.93-0.99) decreased over 12 months of follow-up. No other prescribed BCRL self-care modalities changed during the study. Over 12 months, the average adherence to all BCRL self-care modalities varied with 13, 24, 32, and 31 % of women reporting <25, 25-49, 50-74, and ≥75 % adherence, respectively. Over 12 months, there was a noticeable change from high to low adherence in self-administered lymphatic drainage, such that there was a 15 % increased likelihood of adherence <25 % compared to ≥75 % (OR = 1.15 (95 % CI 1.05-1.26); p = 0.002). The adherence patterns of all other modalities did not change over follow-up. Conclusions: Our findings suggest the prescription for BCRL self-care modalities is variable. The average adherence to BCRL self-care was non-optimal. Future research is necessary to prepare BrCa survivors with the knowledge, skills, abilities, and resources necessary to care for this lifelong condition.

AB - Purpose: To profile the prescription for and adherence to breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL) self-care modalities among breast cancer (BrCa) survivors with BCRL in a 12-month randomized weightlifting trial. Methods: We developed a questionnaire that assessed prescription for and adherence to 10 BCRL self-care modalities that included physical therapy exercise, pneumatic compression pump, medication, lymphedema bandaging, arm elevation, self-administered lymphatic drainage, therapist-administered lymphatic drainage, compression garments, skin care, and taping. We measured prescription for and adherence to BCRL self-care modalities at baseline, 3, 6, and 12 months. Longitudinal logistic regression was used to estimate the odds ratio (OR) and 95 % confidence interval (95 % CI) associated with prescription for and adherence to BCRL modalities over time. Results: This study included 141 BrCa survivors with BCRL. Women were prescribed an average of 3.6 ± 2.1 BCRL self-care modalities during the study. The prescription for therapist-administered lymphatic drainage (OR = 0.92, 95 % CI 0.88-0.96), pneumatic compression pump use (OR = 0.94, 95 % CI 0.89-0.98), and bandaging (OR = 0.96, 95 % CI 0.93-0.99) decreased over 12 months of follow-up. No other prescribed BCRL self-care modalities changed during the study. Over 12 months, the average adherence to all BCRL self-care modalities varied with 13, 24, 32, and 31 % of women reporting <25, 25-49, 50-74, and ≥75 % adherence, respectively. Over 12 months, there was a noticeable change from high to low adherence in self-administered lymphatic drainage, such that there was a 15 % increased likelihood of adherence <25 % compared to ≥75 % (OR = 1.15 (95 % CI 1.05-1.26); p = 0.002). The adherence patterns of all other modalities did not change over follow-up. Conclusions: Our findings suggest the prescription for BCRL self-care modalities is variable. The average adherence to BCRL self-care was non-optimal. Future research is necessary to prepare BrCa survivors with the knowledge, skills, abilities, and resources necessary to care for this lifelong condition.

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