Presignal used to increase bus-and car-carrying capacity at intersections

Yiguang Xuan, Vikash Gayah, Michael Cassidy, Carlos Daganzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In theory midblock presignals can be used to increase the capacity of signalized intersections [The authors define "presignal" as "a set of signal heads that are installed in the middle of a block upstream of an intersection."-Ed.]. The capacity is increased because presignals can reorganize how traffic is stored between a presignal and an intersection downstream. However, different vehicle classes have different acceleration characteristics, and the effectiveness of presignals hinges on the assumption of linear superposition; that is, the total time to discharge a mixture of distinct vehicle classes equals the sum of the times to discharge each vehicle class separately. This assumption has not been tested in the field. In this study, results from a natural experiment are used to validate the assumption for the case of cars and buses. The effectiveness of presignals to increase intersection capacity is also demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)191-196
Number of pages6
JournalTransportation Research Record
Issue number2315
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012

Fingerprint

Railroad cars
Hinges
Experiments

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Xuan, Yiguang ; Gayah, Vikash ; Cassidy, Michael ; Daganzo, Carlos. / Presignal used to increase bus-and car-carrying capacity at intersections. In: Transportation Research Record. 2012 ; No. 2315. pp. 191-196.
@article{136e8f5f27204f72af9de1cabd4808a4,
title = "Presignal used to increase bus-and car-carrying capacity at intersections",
abstract = "In theory midblock presignals can be used to increase the capacity of signalized intersections [The authors define {"}presignal{"} as {"}a set of signal heads that are installed in the middle of a block upstream of an intersection.{"}-Ed.]. The capacity is increased because presignals can reorganize how traffic is stored between a presignal and an intersection downstream. However, different vehicle classes have different acceleration characteristics, and the effectiveness of presignals hinges on the assumption of linear superposition; that is, the total time to discharge a mixture of distinct vehicle classes equals the sum of the times to discharge each vehicle class separately. This assumption has not been tested in the field. In this study, results from a natural experiment are used to validate the assumption for the case of cars and buses. The effectiveness of presignals to increase intersection capacity is also demonstrated.",
author = "Yiguang Xuan and Vikash Gayah and Michael Cassidy and Carlos Daganzo",
year = "2012",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3141/2315-20",
language = "English (US)",
pages = "191--196",
journal = "Transportation Research Record",
issn = "0361-1981",
publisher = "US National Research Council",
number = "2315",

}

Presignal used to increase bus-and car-carrying capacity at intersections. / Xuan, Yiguang; Gayah, Vikash; Cassidy, Michael; Daganzo, Carlos.

In: Transportation Research Record, No. 2315, 01.12.2012, p. 191-196.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Presignal used to increase bus-and car-carrying capacity at intersections

AU - Xuan, Yiguang

AU - Gayah, Vikash

AU - Cassidy, Michael

AU - Daganzo, Carlos

PY - 2012/12/1

Y1 - 2012/12/1

N2 - In theory midblock presignals can be used to increase the capacity of signalized intersections [The authors define "presignal" as "a set of signal heads that are installed in the middle of a block upstream of an intersection."-Ed.]. The capacity is increased because presignals can reorganize how traffic is stored between a presignal and an intersection downstream. However, different vehicle classes have different acceleration characteristics, and the effectiveness of presignals hinges on the assumption of linear superposition; that is, the total time to discharge a mixture of distinct vehicle classes equals the sum of the times to discharge each vehicle class separately. This assumption has not been tested in the field. In this study, results from a natural experiment are used to validate the assumption for the case of cars and buses. The effectiveness of presignals to increase intersection capacity is also demonstrated.

AB - In theory midblock presignals can be used to increase the capacity of signalized intersections [The authors define "presignal" as "a set of signal heads that are installed in the middle of a block upstream of an intersection."-Ed.]. The capacity is increased because presignals can reorganize how traffic is stored between a presignal and an intersection downstream. However, different vehicle classes have different acceleration characteristics, and the effectiveness of presignals hinges on the assumption of linear superposition; that is, the total time to discharge a mixture of distinct vehicle classes equals the sum of the times to discharge each vehicle class separately. This assumption has not been tested in the field. In this study, results from a natural experiment are used to validate the assumption for the case of cars and buses. The effectiveness of presignals to increase intersection capacity is also demonstrated.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84897586085&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84897586085&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3141/2315-20

DO - 10.3141/2315-20

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84897586085

SP - 191

EP - 196

JO - Transportation Research Record

JF - Transportation Research Record

SN - 0361-1981

IS - 2315

ER -