The high-pressure behavior of lithium dicyanamide (LiN-(CN)2) was studied with in situ Raman and infrared (IR) spectroscopies, and synchrotron angle-dispersive powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) in a diamond anvil cell (DAC) to 22 GPa. The fundamental vibrational modes associated with molecular units were assigned using a combination of experimental data and density functional perturbation theory. Some low-frequency modes were observed for the first time. On the basis of spectroscopic and diffraction data, we suggest a polymorphic phase transformation at ∼8 GPa, wherein dicyanamide ions remain as discrete molecular species. Above ca. 18 GPa, dicyanamide units polymerize, forming a largely disordered network, and the extent of polymerization May be increased by annealing at elevated temperature. The polymerized product consists of tricyanomelaminate-like groups containing sp2-hybidized carbon−nitrogen bonds and exhibits a visible absorption edge near 540 nm. The product is recoverable to ambient conditions but is not stable in air/ moisture.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry