In nano-grain BaTiO3 ceramics, internal compressive stresses make the cubic phase more stable, while internal shear stresses stabilize rhombohedral and orthorhombic phases. The competition between internal compressive stresses and internal shear stresses gives a ferroelectric to paraelectric to ferroelectric reentrance phenomenon as a function of grain size. The pressure can be a tuning factor of reentrance behavior by controlling the interactions between external hydrostatic pressure and internal compressive stresses. These experimental phenomena can be well described by a modified Ginzburg-Landau-Devonshire thermodynamic theory.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)