Various types of damage were observed in pressureless-sintered Al2O3/ZrO2 symmetric laminates (multilayers) and asymmetric laminates (bilayers) fabricated by tape casting and lamination. These defects included channel defects in ZrO2-containing layers, Al2O3 surface defects parallel to the layers, decohesion between the layers, and transverse damage within the Al2O3 layer in the bilayers. Detailed microscopic observation attributed the defects to a combined effect of mismatch in both sintering rate and thermal expansion coefficient between the layers. Crack-like defects were formed in the early stages of densification, and these defects acted as pre-existing flaws for thermal expansion mismatch cracks. Curling of the bilayers during sintering was monitored and the measured rate of curvature change, along with the layer viscosities obtained by cyclic loading dilatometry, was used to estimate the sintering mismatch stresses. The extent of damage could be reduced or even eliminated by decreasing the difference in layer sintering rate. This was accomplished by reducing the heating rates or by adding Al2O3 in the ZrO2 layers.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Materials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings|
|State||Published - 1996|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials