Hepatitis C virus is the leading cause of chronic liver disease (CLD) worldwide and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in the western world. Preventive measures can significantly reduce the progression of liver disease to cirrhosis and liver cancer. This review will discuss preventive measures with proven benefits. Alcohol abstinence is recommended to patients with CLD. Immunization for hepatitis A and B should be provided to patients with CLD. Medications and herbals should be used carefully in these patients to avoid potential hepatotoxicity. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) should be avoided and acetaminophen is safe at doses of less than 2 grams daily. Weight control and regular exercise is recommended in patients with CLD. Part II and III will address preventive approaches in those with compensated hepatic cirrhosis and decompensated cirrhosis respectively.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Apr 2008|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes