Five patients with classic hemophilia were found to have primary pulmonary hypertension, a disorder not previously recognized in this population. All patients had had their coagulation disorder treated for 10 years or more with self-administered lyophilized concentrates of factor VIII, and all had antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Primary pulmonary hypertension was confirmed by histologic means at autopsy in one patient and by lung biopsy findings in another. In the other three patients, the findings are in agreement with this diagnosis. No patient had underlying cardiac or pulmonary disease, or clinical or pathologic evidence of collagen-vascular disease, exposure to anorexigenic agents. Whether the primary pulmonary hypertension was related to treatment with lyophilized factor VIII, or to presence of antibodies to HIV, or both, is unknown.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine