Planar photonics technology is expected to facilitate new physics and enhanced functionality for a new generation of disruptive optical devices. To analyze such planar optical metasurfaces efficiently, we propose a prismatic discontinuous Galerkin time domain (DGTD) method with a generalized dispersive material (GDM) model to conduct the full-wave electromagnetic simulation of planar photonic nanostructures. Prism-based DGTD allows for triangular prismatic space discretization, which is optimal for planar geometries. In order to achieve an accurate universal model for arbitrary dispersive materials, the GDM model is integrated within the prism-based DGTD. As an advantage of prismatic spatial discretization, the prism-based DGTD with GDM has fewer elements than conventional tetrahedral methods, which in turn brings higher computational efficiency. Finally, the accuracy, convergence behavior, and efficiency improvements of the proposed algorithm is validated by several numerical examples. A simulation toolkit with the proposed algorithm has been released online, enabling users to efficiently analyze metasurfaces with customized pixel patterns.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials