Privacy-preserving surveillance as an edge service based on lightweight video protection schemes using face de-identification and window masking

Alem Fitwi, Yu Chen, Sencun Zhu, Erik Blasch, Genshe Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

With a myriad of edge cameras deployed in urban and suburban areas, many people are seriously concerned about the constant invasion of their privacy. There is a mounting pressure from the public to make the cameras privacy-conscious. This paper proposes a Privacy-preserving Surveillance as an Edge service (PriSE) method with a hybrid architecture comprising a lightweight foreground object scanner and a video protection scheme that operates on edge cameras and fog/cloud-based models to detect privacy attributes like windows, faces, and perpetrators. The Reversible Chaotic Masking (ReCAM) scheme is designed to ensure an end-to-end privacy while the simplified foreground-object detector helps reduce resource consumption by discarding frames containing only background-objects. A robust window-object detector was developed to prevent peeping via windows; whereas human faces are detected by using a multi-tasked cascaded convolutional neural network (MTCNN) to ensure de-identification. The extensive experimental studies and comparative analysis show that the PriSE scheme (i) can efficiently detect foreground objects, and scramble those frames that contain foreground objects at the edge cameras, and (ii) detect and denature window and face objects, and identify perpetrators at a fog/cloud server to prevent unauthorized viewing via windows, to ensure anonymity of individuals, and to deter criminal activities, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number236
Pages (from-to)1-36
Number of pages36
JournalElectronics (Switzerland)
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Signal Processing
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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