Private graphon estimation for sparse graphs

Christian Borgs, Jennifer T. Chayes, Adam Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

We design algorithms for fitting a high-dimensional statistical model to a large, sparse network without revealing sensitive information of individual members. Given a sparse input graph G, our algorithms output a node-differentially private nonparametric block model approximation. By node-differentially private, we mean that our output hides the insertion or removal of a vertex and all its adjacent edges. If G is an instance of the network obtained from a generative nonparametric model defined in terms of a graphon W, our model guarantees consistency: as the number of vertices tends to infinity, the output of our algorithm converges to W in an appropriate version of the L2 norm. In particular, this means we can estimate the sizes of all multi-way cuts in G. Our results hold as long as W is bounded, the average degree of G grows at least like the log of the number of vertices, and the number of blocks goes to infinity at an appropriate rate. We give explicit error bounds in terms of the parameters of the model; in several settings, our bounds improve on or match known nonprivate results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1369-1377
Number of pages9
JournalAdvances in Neural Information Processing Systems
Volume2015-January
StatePublished - 2015
Event29th Annual Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems, NIPS 2015 - Montreal, Canada
Duration: Dec 7 2015Dec 12 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Information Systems
  • Signal Processing

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