Probabilistic Assessment of the Life-Cycle Environmental Performance and Functional Life of Buildings due to Seismic Events

Jaskanwal P.S. Chhabra, Vaclav Hasik, Melissa M. Bilec, Gordon Patrick Warn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Quantifying the environmental impacts of buildings is a key step in realizing resilient and sustainable buildings. Buildings are vulnerable to natural hazards during their functional life, and the structural performance of the building affects its environmental impacts due to repair of hazard-related damage. This study presents a rational probabilistic approach to quantify the life-cycle environmental performance and functional life of buildings located in regions threatened by seismic hazards. The approach simulates multiple discrete earthquake event scenarios used to estimate the functional life of the building: an important metric for assessing the sustainability and resilience of buildings. It also calculates the hazard-related life-cycle environmental impacts directly from the materials needed to repair different components while accounting for uncertainty in each phase of the analysis. The approach is demonstrated on a case-study steel building, with illustrative results showing the impact of component groups on the overall environmental performance of the building. The building performed well structurally, but with considerable impacts due to damage to nonstructural components. The approach can be used to study a variety of building designs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number04017035
JournalJournal of Architectural Engineering
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018

Fingerprint

Life cycle
Hazards
Environmental impact
Repair
Life Cycle
Sustainable development
Earthquakes
Environmental Impact
Hazard
Steel
Damage

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Architecture
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Visual Arts and Performing Arts

Cite this

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Probabilistic Assessment of the Life-Cycle Environmental Performance and Functional Life of Buildings due to Seismic Events. / Chhabra, Jaskanwal P.S.; Hasik, Vaclav; Bilec, Melissa M.; Warn, Gordon Patrick.

In: Journal of Architectural Engineering, Vol. 24, No. 1, 04017035, 01.03.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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