Probable heat capacity signature of the supersolid transition

X. Lin, A. C. Clark, M. H.W. Chan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations

Abstract

Liquid 4He enters the superfluid state and flows without friction below 2.176 K. Thin liquid films adsorbed on solid substrates undergo the same transformation, although at a lower temperature. When the substrate is subjected to oscillatory motion a portion of the film, known as the superfluid fraction, decouples from the oscillation. A similar phenomenon has been observed in solid 4He, in which a fraction of the solid seems to decouple from the motion of the surrounding lattice. Although this observation has been replicated in various laboratories, no thermodynamic signature of the possible supersolid transition has been seen. Here we report the finding of a heat capacity peak that coincides with the onset of mass decoupling. This complementary experimental evidence supports the existence of a genuine transition between the normal solid and supersolid phases of 4He.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1025-1028
Number of pages4
JournalNature
Volume449
Issue number7165
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 25 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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