Probing nanoscale ferroelectricity by ultraviolet Raman spectroscopy

D. A. Tenne, A. Bruchhausen, N. D. Lanzillotti-Kimura, A. Fainstein, R. S. Katiyar, A. Cantarero, A. Soukiassian, V. Vaithyanathan, J. H. Haeni, W. Tian, D. G. Schlom, K. J. Choi, D. M. Kim, C. B. Eom, H. P. Sun, X. Q. Pan, Y. L. Li, L. Q. Chen, Q. X. Jia, S. M. NakhmansonK. M. Rabe, X. X. Xi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We demonstrated that ultraviolet Raman spectroscopy is an effective technique to measure the transition temperature (Tc) in ferroelectric ultrathin films and superlattices. We showed that one-unit-cell-thick BaTiO3 layers in BaTiO3/SrTiO3 superlattices are not only ferroelectric (with Tc as high as 250 kelvin) but also polarize the quantum paraelectric SrTiO3 layers adjacent to them. Tc was tuned by ∼500 kelvin by varying the thicknesses of the BaTiO3 and SrTiO3 layers, revealing the essential roles of electrical and mechanical boundary conditions for nanoscale ferroelectricity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1614-1616
Number of pages3
JournalScience
Volume313
Issue number5793
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2006

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Raman Spectrum Analysis
Transition Temperature
strontium titanium oxide

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Cite this

Tenne, D. A., Bruchhausen, A., Lanzillotti-Kimura, N. D., Fainstein, A., Katiyar, R. S., Cantarero, A., ... Xi, X. X. (2006). Probing nanoscale ferroelectricity by ultraviolet Raman spectroscopy. Science, 313(5793), 1614-1616. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1130306
Tenne, D. A. ; Bruchhausen, A. ; Lanzillotti-Kimura, N. D. ; Fainstein, A. ; Katiyar, R. S. ; Cantarero, A. ; Soukiassian, A. ; Vaithyanathan, V. ; Haeni, J. H. ; Tian, W. ; Schlom, D. G. ; Choi, K. J. ; Kim, D. M. ; Eom, C. B. ; Sun, H. P. ; Pan, X. Q. ; Li, Y. L. ; Chen, L. Q. ; Jia, Q. X. ; Nakhmanson, S. M. ; Rabe, K. M. ; Xi, X. X. / Probing nanoscale ferroelectricity by ultraviolet Raman spectroscopy. In: Science. 2006 ; Vol. 313, No. 5793. pp. 1614-1616.
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title = "Probing nanoscale ferroelectricity by ultraviolet Raman spectroscopy",
abstract = "We demonstrated that ultraviolet Raman spectroscopy is an effective technique to measure the transition temperature (Tc) in ferroelectric ultrathin films and superlattices. We showed that one-unit-cell-thick BaTiO3 layers in BaTiO3/SrTiO3 superlattices are not only ferroelectric (with Tc as high as 250 kelvin) but also polarize the quantum paraelectric SrTiO3 layers adjacent to them. Tc was tuned by ∼500 kelvin by varying the thicknesses of the BaTiO3 and SrTiO3 layers, revealing the essential roles of electrical and mechanical boundary conditions for nanoscale ferroelectricity.",
author = "Tenne, {D. A.} and A. Bruchhausen and Lanzillotti-Kimura, {N. D.} and A. Fainstein and Katiyar, {R. S.} and A. Cantarero and A. Soukiassian and V. Vaithyanathan and Haeni, {J. H.} and W. Tian and Schlom, {D. G.} and Choi, {K. J.} and Kim, {D. M.} and Eom, {C. B.} and Sun, {H. P.} and Pan, {X. Q.} and Li, {Y. L.} and Chen, {L. Q.} and Jia, {Q. X.} and Nakhmanson, {S. M.} and Rabe, {K. M.} and Xi, {X. X.}",
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Tenne, DA, Bruchhausen, A, Lanzillotti-Kimura, ND, Fainstein, A, Katiyar, RS, Cantarero, A, Soukiassian, A, Vaithyanathan, V, Haeni, JH, Tian, W, Schlom, DG, Choi, KJ, Kim, DM, Eom, CB, Sun, HP, Pan, XQ, Li, YL, Chen, LQ, Jia, QX, Nakhmanson, SM, Rabe, KM & Xi, XX 2006, 'Probing nanoscale ferroelectricity by ultraviolet Raman spectroscopy', Science, vol. 313, no. 5793, pp. 1614-1616. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1130306

Probing nanoscale ferroelectricity by ultraviolet Raman spectroscopy. / Tenne, D. A.; Bruchhausen, A.; Lanzillotti-Kimura, N. D.; Fainstein, A.; Katiyar, R. S.; Cantarero, A.; Soukiassian, A.; Vaithyanathan, V.; Haeni, J. H.; Tian, W.; Schlom, D. G.; Choi, K. J.; Kim, D. M.; Eom, C. B.; Sun, H. P.; Pan, X. Q.; Li, Y. L.; Chen, L. Q.; Jia, Q. X.; Nakhmanson, S. M.; Rabe, K. M.; Xi, X. X.

In: Science, Vol. 313, No. 5793, 15.09.2006, p. 1614-1616.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Probing nanoscale ferroelectricity by ultraviolet Raman spectroscopy

AU - Tenne, D. A.

AU - Bruchhausen, A.

AU - Lanzillotti-Kimura, N. D.

AU - Fainstein, A.

AU - Katiyar, R. S.

AU - Cantarero, A.

AU - Soukiassian, A.

AU - Vaithyanathan, V.

AU - Haeni, J. H.

AU - Tian, W.

AU - Schlom, D. G.

AU - Choi, K. J.

AU - Kim, D. M.

AU - Eom, C. B.

AU - Sun, H. P.

AU - Pan, X. Q.

AU - Li, Y. L.

AU - Chen, L. Q.

AU - Jia, Q. X.

AU - Nakhmanson, S. M.

AU - Rabe, K. M.

AU - Xi, X. X.

PY - 2006/9/15

Y1 - 2006/9/15

N2 - We demonstrated that ultraviolet Raman spectroscopy is an effective technique to measure the transition temperature (Tc) in ferroelectric ultrathin films and superlattices. We showed that one-unit-cell-thick BaTiO3 layers in BaTiO3/SrTiO3 superlattices are not only ferroelectric (with Tc as high as 250 kelvin) but also polarize the quantum paraelectric SrTiO3 layers adjacent to them. Tc was tuned by ∼500 kelvin by varying the thicknesses of the BaTiO3 and SrTiO3 layers, revealing the essential roles of electrical and mechanical boundary conditions for nanoscale ferroelectricity.

AB - We demonstrated that ultraviolet Raman spectroscopy is an effective technique to measure the transition temperature (Tc) in ferroelectric ultrathin films and superlattices. We showed that one-unit-cell-thick BaTiO3 layers in BaTiO3/SrTiO3 superlattices are not only ferroelectric (with Tc as high as 250 kelvin) but also polarize the quantum paraelectric SrTiO3 layers adjacent to them. Tc was tuned by ∼500 kelvin by varying the thicknesses of the BaTiO3 and SrTiO3 layers, revealing the essential roles of electrical and mechanical boundary conditions for nanoscale ferroelectricity.

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U2 - 10.1126/science.1130306

DO - 10.1126/science.1130306

M3 - Article

C2 - 16973874

AN - SCOPUS:33748758188

VL - 313

SP - 1614

EP - 1616

JO - Science

JF - Science

SN - 0036-8075

IS - 5793

ER -

Tenne DA, Bruchhausen A, Lanzillotti-Kimura ND, Fainstein A, Katiyar RS, Cantarero A et al. Probing nanoscale ferroelectricity by ultraviolet Raman spectroscopy. Science. 2006 Sep 15;313(5793):1614-1616. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1130306