Al/CuO reactive nanolaminate ignition was studied using temperature jump (T-Jump) heating for rates greater than 105 K/s. Multilayer samples were sputter deposited onto thin platinum filaments in alternating layers of Al and CuO. The filaments were resistively heated in a time-of-flight mass spectrometer (ToF-MS), while ignition and reaction were observed with high-speed video. A total deposited thickness of 1800 nm was maintained for all samples, while the number of bilayers was varied from 1 to 12. Increasing this value decreased the diffusion distances and increased the amount of interfacial area across which reaction could occur, while keeping the overall energy of the system constant. From 2 to 6 bilayers, the ignition temperature decreased from 1250 to 670 K and the overall reactivity increased. Past 6 bilayers, the ignition temperature only decreased slightly and there was little impact on the overall reactivity. This behavior is consistent with a mass-transport model where the predominant diffusing species exhibits a low activation energy (50 kJ/mol). Ignition temperature, which depends upon bilayer thickness, is found to be a good predictor of flame speed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films