Problem-solving skills and affective expressions as predictors of change in marital satisfaction

Matthew D. Johnson, Joanne Davila, Ronald D. Rogge, Kieran T. Sullivan, Catherine L. Cohan, Erika Lawrence, Benjamin R. Karney, Thomas N. Bradbury

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

135 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Specific skills and affective expressions coded from the problem-solving interactions of 172 newlywed couples were examined in relation to 8-wave, 4-year trajectories of marital satisfaction. Effects varied as a function of whether husbands' versus wives' topics were under discussion and whether husbands' versus wives' satisfaction was predicted, but results indicate that skills, affect, and their statistical interaction account for unique variance in rates of change in marital satisfaction. The interaction between positive affect and negative skills was particularly robust, indicating that (a) low levels of positive affect and high levels of negative skills foreshadowed particularly rapid rates of deterioration and that (b) high levels of positive affect buffered the effects of high levels of negative skills. Findings suggest specific targets for intervention in programs for developing marriages.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-27
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of consulting and clinical psychology
Volume73
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2005

Fingerprint

Spouses
Marriage

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Johnson, Matthew D. ; Davila, Joanne ; Rogge, Ronald D. ; Sullivan, Kieran T. ; Cohan, Catherine L. ; Lawrence, Erika ; Karney, Benjamin R. ; Bradbury, Thomas N. / Problem-solving skills and affective expressions as predictors of change in marital satisfaction. In: Journal of consulting and clinical psychology. 2005 ; Vol. 73, No. 1. pp. 15-27.
@article{07def5c3ecaa413eb3512fd0117ae305,
title = "Problem-solving skills and affective expressions as predictors of change in marital satisfaction",
abstract = "Specific skills and affective expressions coded from the problem-solving interactions of 172 newlywed couples were examined in relation to 8-wave, 4-year trajectories of marital satisfaction. Effects varied as a function of whether husbands' versus wives' topics were under discussion and whether husbands' versus wives' satisfaction was predicted, but results indicate that skills, affect, and their statistical interaction account for unique variance in rates of change in marital satisfaction. The interaction between positive affect and negative skills was particularly robust, indicating that (a) low levels of positive affect and high levels of negative skills foreshadowed particularly rapid rates of deterioration and that (b) high levels of positive affect buffered the effects of high levels of negative skills. Findings suggest specific targets for intervention in programs for developing marriages.",
author = "Johnson, {Matthew D.} and Joanne Davila and Rogge, {Ronald D.} and Sullivan, {Kieran T.} and Cohan, {Catherine L.} and Erika Lawrence and Karney, {Benjamin R.} and Bradbury, {Thomas N.}",
year = "2005",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/0022-006X.73.1.15",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "73",
pages = "15--27",
journal = "Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology",
issn = "0022-006X",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "1",

}

Problem-solving skills and affective expressions as predictors of change in marital satisfaction. / Johnson, Matthew D.; Davila, Joanne; Rogge, Ronald D.; Sullivan, Kieran T.; Cohan, Catherine L.; Lawrence, Erika; Karney, Benjamin R.; Bradbury, Thomas N.

In: Journal of consulting and clinical psychology, Vol. 73, No. 1, 01.02.2005, p. 15-27.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Problem-solving skills and affective expressions as predictors of change in marital satisfaction

AU - Johnson, Matthew D.

AU - Davila, Joanne

AU - Rogge, Ronald D.

AU - Sullivan, Kieran T.

AU - Cohan, Catherine L.

AU - Lawrence, Erika

AU - Karney, Benjamin R.

AU - Bradbury, Thomas N.

PY - 2005/2/1

Y1 - 2005/2/1

N2 - Specific skills and affective expressions coded from the problem-solving interactions of 172 newlywed couples were examined in relation to 8-wave, 4-year trajectories of marital satisfaction. Effects varied as a function of whether husbands' versus wives' topics were under discussion and whether husbands' versus wives' satisfaction was predicted, but results indicate that skills, affect, and their statistical interaction account for unique variance in rates of change in marital satisfaction. The interaction between positive affect and negative skills was particularly robust, indicating that (a) low levels of positive affect and high levels of negative skills foreshadowed particularly rapid rates of deterioration and that (b) high levels of positive affect buffered the effects of high levels of negative skills. Findings suggest specific targets for intervention in programs for developing marriages.

AB - Specific skills and affective expressions coded from the problem-solving interactions of 172 newlywed couples were examined in relation to 8-wave, 4-year trajectories of marital satisfaction. Effects varied as a function of whether husbands' versus wives' topics were under discussion and whether husbands' versus wives' satisfaction was predicted, but results indicate that skills, affect, and their statistical interaction account for unique variance in rates of change in marital satisfaction. The interaction between positive affect and negative skills was particularly robust, indicating that (a) low levels of positive affect and high levels of negative skills foreshadowed particularly rapid rates of deterioration and that (b) high levels of positive affect buffered the effects of high levels of negative skills. Findings suggest specific targets for intervention in programs for developing marriages.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=13544260865&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=13544260865&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/0022-006X.73.1.15

DO - 10.1037/0022-006X.73.1.15

M3 - Article

C2 - 15709828

AN - SCOPUS:13544260865

VL - 73

SP - 15

EP - 27

JO - Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

JF - Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

SN - 0022-006X

IS - 1

ER -