Procedural frameworks for simple arithmetic skills

Myeong Ho Sohn, Richard Alan Carlson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rule-application skills such as simple arithmetic are often used as components of complex, goal-directed routines, and evidence suggests that goals to perform such skills can be instantiated in advance of information about specific operands. The procedural framework hypothesis is that goal instantiation evokes frameworks that guide the application of procedural knowledge, suggesting distinct processing roles for operator and operand symbols. In contrast, the uniform role hypothesis suggests that both types of symbols serve only as retrieval cues. Participants in 4 experiments solved simple Boolean or standard arithmetic problems. Serial display of problem elements showed a consistent solution-time benefit for operator-first displays compared with operands-first displays, supporting the procedural framework hypothesis for both new and highly practiced skills.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1052-1067
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

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symbol
Cues
experiment
evidence
Procedural
Operator
Symbol
time
Instantiation
Experiment

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

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Procedural frameworks for simple arithmetic skills. / Sohn, Myeong Ho; Carlson, Richard Alan.

In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition, Vol. 24, No. 4, 01.01.1998, p. 1052-1067.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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