New thermal barrier coating (TBC) materials and microstructures are under development to increase gas turbine operating temperatures beyond the ~1200 °C threshold of standard 7 wt.% yttria stabilized zirconia (7YSZ). To deposit these advanced coatings, a new thermal spray deposition technique is used: Plasma Spray - Physical Vapor Deposition (PS-PVD). PS-PVD is capable of depositing from the vapor phase to yield strain tolerant columnar microstructures similar to Electron Beam - Physical Vapor Deposition (EB-PVD) or, alternatively, the traditional splat-like lamellar microstructure common to Air Plasma Spray (APS). This study investigates the process-structure relationships and resulting erosion response for plasma gas flow, amperage, and feed rate. It was found that in the selected design space, porosity and surface roughness vary from ~12-26% and ~5-10 μm, respectively. Erosion behavior is discussed and the mechanism is identified to be heavily dependent upon the intercolumnar spacing. The lowest erosion rates are similar to EB-PVD, while the highest erosion rates were closer to APS. This is attributed to the hybrid nature of the PS-PVD process and provides an opportunity to tailor coatings with a wide range of properties, and thus performance.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry