Processing of hybrid advanced composites utilizing capillarity-driven wetting of aligned carbon nanotubes

Hulya Cebeci, Roberto Guzman De Villoria, Brian L. Wardle, Diego S. Saito, Namiko Yamamoto, Kyoko Ishiguro, Enrique J. Garcia, A. John Hart, Sunny Wicks

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Processing nanostructures such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs) into polymers to create multifunctional hybrid advanced composites has significant challenges, such as agglomeration, viscosity, and the relative inability to align or otherwise organize the nanostructures. Many of these issues may be overcome by utilizing as-grown aligned CNTs. Several hybrid advanced composite architectures have been developed that are comprised of standard advanced fibers and polymers (e.g., graphite/epoxy) plus aligned CNTs distributed inside the polymer. CNT alignment is advantageous from a property-tailoring perspective, but is also crucial for polymer wetting to achieve a well-consolidated composite. The mechanism of capillarity-driven wetting of the aligned CNTs is explored analytically and used to motivate manufacturing of several composite systems: hand layup of woven fabric with CNTs grown on the fibers in the fabric, aligned CNT reinforcement of prepreg interfaces, and resin infusion with aligned CNT reinforcement of the ply interface. Characterization of these laminates after fabrication by optical and scanning-electron microscopy reveals effective wetting of the aligned CNTs. A new experimental setup for extracting the effective contact angle of the liquid-CNT interface in such a porous aligned-nanostructure morphology is described and used to quantify key capillarity parameters for wetting of aligned-CNT forests. Ongoing work is seeking to further quantify wetting rates in CNT forests for various polymers and explore the efficacy of aligned vs. tangled CNT wetting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSAMPE Fall Technical Conference and Exhibition - Multifunctional Materials
Subtitle of host publicationWorking Smarter Together, SAMPE '08
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008
Event2008 SAMPE Fall Technical Conference and Exhibition - Multifunctional Materials: Working Smarter Together, SAMPE '08 - Memphis, TN, United States
Duration: Sep 8 2008Sep 11 2008

Publication series

NameInternational SAMPE Technical Conference

Other

Other2008 SAMPE Fall Technical Conference and Exhibition - Multifunctional Materials: Working Smarter Together, SAMPE '08
CountryUnited States
CityMemphis, TN
Period9/8/089/11/08

Fingerprint

Carbon Nanotubes
Capillarity
Wetting
Carbon nanotubes
Composite materials
Processing
Polymers
Nanostructures
Reinforcement
Graphite
Fibers
Contact angle
Laminates
Large scale systems

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Cebeci, H., Guzman De Villoria, R., Wardle, B. L., Saito, D. S., Yamamoto, N., Ishiguro, K., ... Wicks, S. (2008). Processing of hybrid advanced composites utilizing capillarity-driven wetting of aligned carbon nanotubes. In SAMPE Fall Technical Conference and Exhibition - Multifunctional Materials: Working Smarter Together, SAMPE '08 (International SAMPE Technical Conference).
Cebeci, Hulya ; Guzman De Villoria, Roberto ; Wardle, Brian L. ; Saito, Diego S. ; Yamamoto, Namiko ; Ishiguro, Kyoko ; Garcia, Enrique J. ; Hart, A. John ; Wicks, Sunny. / Processing of hybrid advanced composites utilizing capillarity-driven wetting of aligned carbon nanotubes. SAMPE Fall Technical Conference and Exhibition - Multifunctional Materials: Working Smarter Together, SAMPE '08. 2008. (International SAMPE Technical Conference).
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title = "Processing of hybrid advanced composites utilizing capillarity-driven wetting of aligned carbon nanotubes",
abstract = "Processing nanostructures such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs) into polymers to create multifunctional hybrid advanced composites has significant challenges, such as agglomeration, viscosity, and the relative inability to align or otherwise organize the nanostructures. Many of these issues may be overcome by utilizing as-grown aligned CNTs. Several hybrid advanced composite architectures have been developed that are comprised of standard advanced fibers and polymers (e.g., graphite/epoxy) plus aligned CNTs distributed inside the polymer. CNT alignment is advantageous from a property-tailoring perspective, but is also crucial for polymer wetting to achieve a well-consolidated composite. The mechanism of capillarity-driven wetting of the aligned CNTs is explored analytically and used to motivate manufacturing of several composite systems: hand layup of woven fabric with CNTs grown on the fibers in the fabric, aligned CNT reinforcement of prepreg interfaces, and resin infusion with aligned CNT reinforcement of the ply interface. Characterization of these laminates after fabrication by optical and scanning-electron microscopy reveals effective wetting of the aligned CNTs. A new experimental setup for extracting the effective contact angle of the liquid-CNT interface in such a porous aligned-nanostructure morphology is described and used to quantify key capillarity parameters for wetting of aligned-CNT forests. Ongoing work is seeking to further quantify wetting rates in CNT forests for various polymers and explore the efficacy of aligned vs. tangled CNT wetting.",
author = "Hulya Cebeci and {Guzman De Villoria}, Roberto and Wardle, {Brian L.} and Saito, {Diego S.} and Namiko Yamamoto and Kyoko Ishiguro and Garcia, {Enrique J.} and Hart, {A. John} and Sunny Wicks",
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Cebeci, H, Guzman De Villoria, R, Wardle, BL, Saito, DS, Yamamoto, N, Ishiguro, K, Garcia, EJ, Hart, AJ & Wicks, S 2008, Processing of hybrid advanced composites utilizing capillarity-driven wetting of aligned carbon nanotubes. in SAMPE Fall Technical Conference and Exhibition - Multifunctional Materials: Working Smarter Together, SAMPE '08. International SAMPE Technical Conference, 2008 SAMPE Fall Technical Conference and Exhibition - Multifunctional Materials: Working Smarter Together, SAMPE '08, Memphis, TN, United States, 9/8/08.

Processing of hybrid advanced composites utilizing capillarity-driven wetting of aligned carbon nanotubes. / Cebeci, Hulya; Guzman De Villoria, Roberto; Wardle, Brian L.; Saito, Diego S.; Yamamoto, Namiko; Ishiguro, Kyoko; Garcia, Enrique J.; Hart, A. John; Wicks, Sunny.

SAMPE Fall Technical Conference and Exhibition - Multifunctional Materials: Working Smarter Together, SAMPE '08. 2008. (International SAMPE Technical Conference).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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T1 - Processing of hybrid advanced composites utilizing capillarity-driven wetting of aligned carbon nanotubes

AU - Cebeci, Hulya

AU - Guzman De Villoria, Roberto

AU - Wardle, Brian L.

AU - Saito, Diego S.

AU - Yamamoto, Namiko

AU - Ishiguro, Kyoko

AU - Garcia, Enrique J.

AU - Hart, A. John

AU - Wicks, Sunny

PY - 2008/12/1

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N2 - Processing nanostructures such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs) into polymers to create multifunctional hybrid advanced composites has significant challenges, such as agglomeration, viscosity, and the relative inability to align or otherwise organize the nanostructures. Many of these issues may be overcome by utilizing as-grown aligned CNTs. Several hybrid advanced composite architectures have been developed that are comprised of standard advanced fibers and polymers (e.g., graphite/epoxy) plus aligned CNTs distributed inside the polymer. CNT alignment is advantageous from a property-tailoring perspective, but is also crucial for polymer wetting to achieve a well-consolidated composite. The mechanism of capillarity-driven wetting of the aligned CNTs is explored analytically and used to motivate manufacturing of several composite systems: hand layup of woven fabric with CNTs grown on the fibers in the fabric, aligned CNT reinforcement of prepreg interfaces, and resin infusion with aligned CNT reinforcement of the ply interface. Characterization of these laminates after fabrication by optical and scanning-electron microscopy reveals effective wetting of the aligned CNTs. A new experimental setup for extracting the effective contact angle of the liquid-CNT interface in such a porous aligned-nanostructure morphology is described and used to quantify key capillarity parameters for wetting of aligned-CNT forests. Ongoing work is seeking to further quantify wetting rates in CNT forests for various polymers and explore the efficacy of aligned vs. tangled CNT wetting.

AB - Processing nanostructures such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs) into polymers to create multifunctional hybrid advanced composites has significant challenges, such as agglomeration, viscosity, and the relative inability to align or otherwise organize the nanostructures. Many of these issues may be overcome by utilizing as-grown aligned CNTs. Several hybrid advanced composite architectures have been developed that are comprised of standard advanced fibers and polymers (e.g., graphite/epoxy) plus aligned CNTs distributed inside the polymer. CNT alignment is advantageous from a property-tailoring perspective, but is also crucial for polymer wetting to achieve a well-consolidated composite. The mechanism of capillarity-driven wetting of the aligned CNTs is explored analytically and used to motivate manufacturing of several composite systems: hand layup of woven fabric with CNTs grown on the fibers in the fabric, aligned CNT reinforcement of prepreg interfaces, and resin infusion with aligned CNT reinforcement of the ply interface. Characterization of these laminates after fabrication by optical and scanning-electron microscopy reveals effective wetting of the aligned CNTs. A new experimental setup for extracting the effective contact angle of the liquid-CNT interface in such a porous aligned-nanostructure morphology is described and used to quantify key capillarity parameters for wetting of aligned-CNT forests. Ongoing work is seeking to further quantify wetting rates in CNT forests for various polymers and explore the efficacy of aligned vs. tangled CNT wetting.

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M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 9781934551042

T3 - International SAMPE Technical Conference

BT - SAMPE Fall Technical Conference and Exhibition - Multifunctional Materials

ER -

Cebeci H, Guzman De Villoria R, Wardle BL, Saito DS, Yamamoto N, Ishiguro K et al. Processing of hybrid advanced composites utilizing capillarity-driven wetting of aligned carbon nanotubes. In SAMPE Fall Technical Conference and Exhibition - Multifunctional Materials: Working Smarter Together, SAMPE '08. 2008. (International SAMPE Technical Conference).