The opioid growth factor, [Met5]-enkephalin, is an inhibitory agent of cell proliferation and maturation that interacts with the zeta (ξ) opioid receptor to modulate growth. In order to learn more about this receptor, polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies were raised against binding subunits identified on two-dimensional gels by ligand blotting. Using Western blotting, the polyclonal antibodies and some of the monoclonal antibodies recognized all 4 binding polypeptides (32, 30, 17, and 16 kDA) in developing rat cerebellum; no reaction was recorded in adult cerebellum. In addition, other monoclonals were able to distinguish only certain subunits (e.g. 17 kDa). The monoclonal antibodies and their F(ab′)2 fragments, as well as the polyclonal antibodies, blocked the binding of [3H][Met5]-enkephalin to preparations of developing cerebellum. Both the polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies immunoprecipitated ξ opioid binding polypeptides from 6-day-old cerebellar homogenates solubilized by the zwitterionic detergent, CHAPS. Immunocytochemistry performed with polyclonal antibodies showed immunoreactivity associated with proliferating and differentiating cerebellar cells, but no specific staining was detected in the adult cerebellum. These results have identified and characterized antibodies to the ξ opioid receptor, and the antibodies were used to localize this receptor; these antibodies will be valuable to further cellular and molecular studies.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Clinical Neurology
- Developmental Biology