Burn scar contractures (BSCs) are a frequently recognized problem for survivors of burn injury. In the burn literature, many reports focus on the frequency and factors associated with the BSC development. To the contrary, few burn rehabilitation publications report on patients who are able to successfully avoid developing BSC. From a prospective, multicenter study, data were extracted and reviewed on a group of 56 adult burn survivors who were discharged from their acute hospitalization without any measured BSCs. Forty-three variables with a recognized or presumed association with the development of BSCs were analyzed and are reported. Highlighted features of the noncontracted group included being an adult male with an educated background and few associated physical, medical, or social problems. The group had relatively small burn sizes that nonetheless required hospitalization. Despite the overall TBSA, the majority of the burn areas required skin grafting, although this area also represented a small area. The patient group had a longer than expected hospital stay. Rehabilitation was provided to patients on 80% of their hospital days. In addition, patients received sufficient rehabilitation treatment based on the number of cutaneous functional units involved in the burn injury. Patients were judged to have a high pain tolerance and compliant with rehabilitation. The results of this study document the clinical circumstances that patients with burn injury can be discharged from their acute hospitalization with the development of BSC. This study challenges the rehabilitation personnel to expand the upper limit of burn severity that can result in similar positive outcomes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Emergency Medicine