Prognostic risk factors for complications associated with tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis with a nail

Chris Kowalski, Chris Stauch, Ryan Callahan, Kaitlin Saloky, Kempland Walley, Michael Aynardi, Paul Juliano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Background: Tibiotalocalcaneal (TTC) arthrodesis with a nail can be an effective salvage procedure for several foot and ankle pathologies, but has a relatively high complication rate. The purpose of this study is to investigate risk factors associated with complications after TTC arthrodesis with a nail. Methods: Clinical and radiographic outcomes for 82 patients from 2012 to 2016 who underwent TTC arthrodesis with a nail were retrospectivelyevaluated to determine if patient or surgeon specific variables offered prognostic value in predicting negative outcomes. Results: Diabetes, diabetic neuropathy, high (>2) American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification, and Charcot neuroarthropathy all were predictive of developing a nonunion in either the subtalar ortibiotalar joints (p < 0.05). Diabetic neuropathy was predictive ofreoperation, and along with HbA1C >7.5 was also predictive of hardwarefailure. The odds ratio (OR) for diabetic neuropathy was 2.99 (p < 0.05)for nonunion in the tibiotalar or subtalar joints, 3.46 (p < 0.05) for reoperation,and 4.11 (p < 0.05) for hardware failure. High ASAclassification had an odds ratio of 3.93 (p < 0.05) for nonunion in the tibiotalar or subtalar joints as well. Diabetes had an odds ratio of 2.57 (p < 0.05) for nonunion. Conclusions: Patients with diabetic neuropathy, Charcot neuroarthropathy, elevated HbA1C, and ASA classification >2 demonstrated a higher complication rate in patients undergoing TTC arthrodesis with a nail.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalFoot and Ankle Surgery
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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