Progress in alternative neutron detection to address the helium-3 shortage

Richard T. Kouzes, Azaree T. Lintereur, Edward R. Siciliano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

One of the main uses for 3He is in gas proportional counters for neutron detection. Such detectors are used at neutron scattering science facilities and in radiation portal monitors deployed for homeland security and non-proliferation applications. Other uses of 3He are for research detectors, commercial instruments, well logging detectors, dilution refrigerators, lung imaging, for targets in nuclear research, and for basic research in condensed matter physics. The supply of 3He comes entirely from the decay of tritium produced for nuclear weapons in the U.S. and Russia. Due to the large increase in use of 3He for science and homeland security (since 2002), the supply could no longer meet the demand. This has led to the development of a number of alternative neutron detection schemes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)172-175
Number of pages4
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume784
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

Fingerprint

helium isotopes
Helium
Neutrons
National security
Detectors
neutrons
detectors
Condensed matter physics
nuclear weapons
Nuclear weapons
Well logging
Proportional counters
nuclear research
condensed matter physics
Refrigerators
proportional counters
refrigerators
Tritium
Russian Federation
Neutron scattering

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

Cite this

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