Progress in ceramic lasers

Akio Ikesue, Yan Lin Aung, Takimori Taira, Tomosumi Kamimura, Kunio Yoshida, Gary Lynn Messing

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

249 Scopus citations

Abstract

Yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) (Y 3Al 5O 12) single crystals doped with active species such as Nd and Yb have been used as laser media in solid-state lasers requiring high energy and excellent beam quality. This is because single crystals have extremely high thermal mechanical properties and optical qualities and because they enable high-efficiency laser oscillation. In 1995 the authors, using polycrystalline Nd:YAG, demonstrated a high-efficiency laser that was comparable to a single-crystal laser. Subsequently, single-longitudinal-mode oscillation, green and blue laser oscillation, and ultrashort-pulse laser oscillation were reported. Using the ceramic powder approach, the authors developed a composite laser element with a complicated structure that could not be produced by crystal growth techniques. This review discusses problems of conventional single-crystal growth, the fabrication and characteristics of ceramic lasers, laser oscillation properties (continuous-wave and pulse operation), light-scattering sources in ceramics, and typical applications of ceramic lasers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAnnual Review of Materials Research
Pages397-429
Number of pages33
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 5 2006

Publication series

NameAnnual Review of Materials Research
Volume36
ISSN (Print)1531-7331

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)

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    Ikesue, A., Aung, Y. L., Taira, T., Kamimura, T., Yoshida, K., & Messing, G. L. (2006). Progress in ceramic lasers. In Annual Review of Materials Research (pp. 397-429). (Annual Review of Materials Research; Vol. 36). https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.matsci.36.011205.152926