Progress in ceramic lasers

Akio Ikesue, Yan Lin Aung, Takimori Taira, Tomosumi Kamimura, Kunio Yoshida, Gary Lynn Messing

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

235 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) (Y 3Al 5O 12) single crystals doped with active species such as Nd and Yb have been used as laser media in solid-state lasers requiring high energy and excellent beam quality. This is because single crystals have extremely high thermal mechanical properties and optical qualities and because they enable high-efficiency laser oscillation. In 1995 the authors, using polycrystalline Nd:YAG, demonstrated a high-efficiency laser that was comparable to a single-crystal laser. Subsequently, single-longitudinal-mode oscillation, green and blue laser oscillation, and ultrashort-pulse laser oscillation were reported. Using the ceramic powder approach, the authors developed a composite laser element with a complicated structure that could not be produced by crystal growth techniques. This review discusses problems of conventional single-crystal growth, the fabrication and characteristics of ceramic lasers, laser oscillation properties (continuous-wave and pulse operation), light-scattering sources in ceramics, and typical applications of ceramic lasers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAnnual Review of Materials Research
Pages397-429
Number of pages33
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 5 2006

Publication series

NameAnnual Review of Materials Research
Volume36
ISSN (Print)1531-7331

Fingerprint

Lasers
Single crystals
Garnets
Yttrium
Crystallization
Crystal growth
Aluminum
Ultrafast lasers
Beam quality
Solid state lasers
Laser modes
Light scattering
Powders
Light sources
Laser pulses
Fabrication
Mechanical properties
Composite materials
yttrium-aluminum-garnet

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Ikesue, A., Aung, Y. L., Taira, T., Kamimura, T., Yoshida, K., & Messing, G. L. (2006). Progress in ceramic lasers. In Annual Review of Materials Research (pp. 397-429). (Annual Review of Materials Research; Vol. 36). https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.matsci.36.011205.152926
Ikesue, Akio ; Aung, Yan Lin ; Taira, Takimori ; Kamimura, Tomosumi ; Yoshida, Kunio ; Messing, Gary Lynn. / Progress in ceramic lasers. Annual Review of Materials Research. 2006. pp. 397-429 (Annual Review of Materials Research).
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Ikesue, A, Aung, YL, Taira, T, Kamimura, T, Yoshida, K & Messing, GL 2006, Progress in ceramic lasers. in Annual Review of Materials Research. Annual Review of Materials Research, vol. 36, pp. 397-429. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.matsci.36.011205.152926

Progress in ceramic lasers. / Ikesue, Akio; Aung, Yan Lin; Taira, Takimori; Kamimura, Tomosumi; Yoshida, Kunio; Messing, Gary Lynn.

Annual Review of Materials Research. 2006. p. 397-429 (Annual Review of Materials Research; Vol. 36).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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Ikesue A, Aung YL, Taira T, Kamimura T, Yoshida K, Messing GL. Progress in ceramic lasers. In Annual Review of Materials Research. 2006. p. 397-429. (Annual Review of Materials Research). https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.matsci.36.011205.152926