The efferent projections of the pontine parabrachial nucleus (PBN) were examined in the Old World monkey (Macaca fascicularis) using tritiated amino acid autoradiography and horseradish peroxidase histochemistry. Parabrachiofugal fibers ascended to the forebrain along three pathways: the central tegmental tract, the ventral ascending catecholaminergic pathway, and a pathway located on the midline between the medial longitudinal fasciculi. The PBN projected heavily to the central nucleus of the amygdala and the lateral division of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis and moderately to the ventral tegmental area and the substantia nigra. Light terminal label also was present within the dorsomedial, ventromedial, lateral, supramammillary, and infundibular nuclei of the hypothalamus and the annular nucleus and the dorsal raphe nucleus within the brain stem. The overall pattern of terminal label was similar to that previously reported for nonprimate species, but several differences were notable. In monkey the projection to the ventrobasal thalamus did not coincide with the region that contains gustatory-responsive neurons. In rats, these parabrachiothalamic fibers convey gustatory activity but in the monkey these fibers may carry visceral afferent information. The projections from the PBN to the hypothalamus in the monkey were neither as widespread nor as intense as in the rat, and the monkey lacks a projection from the PBN to the frontal and insular cortices. (C) 2000 Academic Press.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Developmental Neuroscience