Alterations in the gut microbiota have been implicated to play a role in potentiating inflammatory bowel diseases in both humans and mice. Mice lacking the flagellin receptor, toll-like receptor 5 (TLR5), are prone to develop spontaneous gut inflammation, but are significantly protected when treated with antibiotics or maintained in germ-free conditions. However, given that the incidence of spontaneous inflammation in TLR5KO mice is quite variable in conventional conditions (typically ∼10% show clear colitis), this result is far from definitive and does not rule out that TLR5KO mice might be prone to develop inflammation even in the absence of a microbiota. Herein, we demonstrate that neutralization of IL10 signaling induces colitis in 100% of TLR5KO mice which provide a more rigorous approach to evaluate the role of microbiota in gut inflammation. Mice treated with antibiotics or maintained in germ-free condition are substantially protected against IL-10R neutralization-induced colitis, underscoring that gut inflammation in TLR5KO mice is dependent upon the presence of a gut microbiota.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Microbiology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases