Properties of F Stars with Stable Radial Velocity Timeseries: A Useful Metric for Selecting Low-jitter F Stars

Jacob K. Luhn, Jason T. Wright, Howard Isaacson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

In a companion paper, we have conducted an in-depth analysis of radial velocity jitter of over 600 stars, examining the astrophysical origins including stellar granulation, oscillation, and magnetic activity. In this paper, we highlight a subsample of those stars, specifically the main sequence and "retired" F stars - which we refer to as "MSRF" stars - that show low levels of RV jitter (<10 m s-1). We describe the observational signatures of these stars that allow them to be identified in radial velocity planet programs, for instance, those performing follow-up of transiting planets discovered by TESS. We introduce a "jitter metric" that combines the two competing effects of RV jitter with age: activity and convection. Using thresholds in the jitter metric, we can select both "complete" and "pure" samples of low jitter F stars. We also provide recipes for identifying these stars using only Gaia colors and magnitudes. Finally, we describe a region in the Gaia color-magnitude diagram where low jitter F stars are most highly concentrated. By fitting a ninth-order polynomial to the Gaia main sequence, we use the height above the main sequence as a proxy for evolution, allowing for a crude selection of low jitter MSRF stars when activity measurements are otherwise unavailable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number234
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume159
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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