Properties of polyamide 612/poly(vinyl alcohol) blends and their impact on free volume and oxygen barrier properties

Hong bo Li, Jia wei Wu, Ya qiong Huang, James Runt, C. M. Huang, K. S. Huang, Jen taut Yeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Oxygen transmission rates and free volume properties (i.e. average volumes of free-volume-cavities (Vf), mean number of the free volume cavities per unit volume (I3) and fractional free volume (Fv)) values of bio-based polyamide 612 (PA612)/poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) (i.e. PA612xPVA03 y, PA612xPVA05 y, PA612xPVA08 y and PA612xPVA14 y) blend films were reduced to a minimum value, when their PVA content reached corresponding optimal values of 25, 20, 15 and 10 wt%, respectively. The minimum oxygen transmission rate, Vf, I3 and Fv value obtained for the best PA61290PVA14 10, PA61285PVA08 15, PA61280PVA05 20 and PA61275PVA03 25 bio-based blown films reduced considerably with decreasing PVA degrees of polymerization. As evidenced by the results of dynamical mechanical analysis, differential scanning calorimetry, wide angle X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic experiments, PA612 and PVA are miscible to some extent at the molecular level when their PVA contents are ≤ the corresponding optimal values. The significantly improved oxygen barrier and free volume properties for the PA612xPVAz y blend films with optimized compositions is at least in part to the enhanced intermolecular interactions between PA612 carbonyl groups and PVA hydroxyl groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number195
JournalJournal of Polymer Research
Volume25
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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