Property Crime Clearance in Small Jurisdictions: Police and Community Factors

Jeffrey J. Roth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Research on the factors that influence crime clearance rates has primarily studied violent crimes in large cities. However, property crimes are among the most commonly occurring and least frequently cleared offenses, and the majority of police departments in the United States serve small jurisdictions. Thus, this study undertook an examination of the predictors of clearance rates for burglary, larceny, and vehicle theft in a sample of agencies serving populations of 50,000 people or fewer. Independent variables included both policing factors (e.g., workload, funding, broken windows arrests) and social disorganization indicators (e.g., residential instability, poverty). Negative binomial regression analyses revealed variation in the significance of the predictors across the three crimes. Additionally, many predictors found to be influential in prior work were insignificant in this study, which suggests differences in the nature of crime clearance between large cities and smaller jurisdictions and a need for further research in this area.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)477-493
Number of pages17
JournalCriminal Justice Review
Volume43
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

Fingerprint

jurisdiction
police
offense
larceny
large city
community
small state
social indicators
crime rate
violent crime
workload
funding
poverty
regression
examination

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Law

Cite this

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Property Crime Clearance in Small Jurisdictions : Police and Community Factors. / Roth, Jeffrey J.

In: Criminal Justice Review, Vol. 43, No. 4, 01.12.2018, p. 477-493.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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