Propriétés structurales des jonctions de nanotubes de carbone

V. Meunier, P. Lambin

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The junction between two different nanotubes can be realized by the simple insertion of a pentagon-heptagon pair defect while preserving the triple coordination of each C atom. This insertion bends the structure to an angle depending on the distance between the pentagon and heptagon. The atomic structure of several of these junctions was optimized with the help of empirical potentials, the nanotubes on both sides of the junctions being considered as infinitely long. Local densities of σ + π electronic states were evaluated in the interfacial regions from a tight-binding Hamiltonian. From there, the electronic energy of these junctions was calculated and compared with that of the isolated nanotubes. It was established that the energy associated with the pentagon-heptagone pair in a graphitic tubule is of the order of 6 eV. An automatic generation algorithm for connecting any two tubules was developed. By restricting the Hamiltonian to the sole π orbitals, this algorithm made it feasible to study the energetics of the pentagon-heptagon defect in a systematical way.

Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)667-675
Number of pages9
JournalCanadian journal of physics
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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