Prospects for high-elevation radio detection of >100 PeV tau neutrinos

Stephanie Wissel, Andrés Romero-Wolf, Harm Schoorlemmer, Washington R. Carvalho, Jaime Alvarez-Muñiz, Enrique Zas, Austin Cummings, Cosmin Deaconu, Kaeli Hughes, Andrew Ludwig, Joalda Morancy, Eric Oberla, Caroline Paciaroni, Steven Prohira, Dan Southall, Max Stapel-Kalat, Ben Strutt, Mercedes Vasquez, Abigail Vieregg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tau neutrinos are expected to comprise roughly one third of both the astrophysical and cosmogenic neutrino flux, but currently the flavor ratio is poorly constrained and the expected flux at energies above 1017 eV is low. We present a detector concept aimed at measuring the diffuse flux of tau neutrinos in this energy range via a high-elevation mountaintop detector using the radio technique. The detector searches for radio signals from upgoing air showers generated by Earth-skimming tau neutrinos. Signals from several antennas in a compact array are coherently summed at the trigger level, permitting not only directional masking of anthropogenic backgrounds, but also a low trigger threshold. This design takes advantage of both the large viewing area available at high-elevation sites and the nearly full duty cycle available to radio instruments. We present trade studies that consider the station elevation, frequency band, number of antennas in the array, and the trigger threshold to develop a highly efficient station design. Such a mountaintop detector can achieve a factor of ten improvement in acceptance over existing instruments with 100 independent stations. With 1000 stations and three years of observation, it can achieve a sensitivity to an integrated -2 flux of <10-9 GeV cm-2 sr-1 s-1, in the range of the expected flux of all-flavor cosmogenic neutrinos assuming a pure iron cosmic-ray composition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number065
JournalJournal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Volume2020
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

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