Prostate Cancer Xenograft Inhibitory Activity and Pharmacokinetics of Decursinol, a Metabolite of Angelica gigas Pyranocoumarins, in Mouse Models

Wei Wu, Su Ni Tang, Yong Zhang, Manohar Puppala, Timothy K. Cooper, Chengguo Xing, Cheng Jiang, Junxuan Lü

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have previously shown that the ethanol extract of dried Angelica gigas Nakai (AGN) root exerts anticancer activity against androgen receptor (AR)-negative human DU145 and PC-3 prostate cancer xenografts and primary carcinogenesis in the transgenic adenocarcinoma of mouse prostate (TRAMP) model. The major pyranocoumarin isomers decursin (D) and decursinol angelate (DA), when provided at equi-molar intake to that provided by AGN extract, accounted for the inhibitory efficacy against precancerous epithelial lesions in TRAMP mice. Since we and others have shown in rodents and humans that D and DA rapidly and extensively convert to decursinol, here we tested whether decursinol might be an in vivo active compound for suppressing xenograft growth of human prostate cancer cells expressing AR. In SCID-NSG mice carrying subcutaneously inoculated human LNCaP/AR-Luc cells overexpressing the wild type AR, we compared the efficacy of 4.5mg decursinol per mouse with equi-molar dose of 6mg D/DA per mouse. The result showed that decursinol decreased xenograft tumor growth by 75% and the lung metastasis, whereas D/DA exerted a much less effect. Measurement of plasma decursinol concentration, at 3h after the last dose of respective dosing regimen, showed higher circulating level in the decursinol-treated NSG mice than in the D/DA-treated mice. In a subsequent single-dose pharmacokinetic experiment, decursinol dosing led to 3.7-fold area under curve (AUC) of plasma decursinol over that achieved by equi-molar D/DA dosing. PK advantage notwithstanding, decursinol represents an active compound to exert in vivo prostate cancer growth and metastasis inhibitory activity in the preclinical model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1773-1792
Number of pages20
JournalAmerican Journal of Chinese Medicine
Volume45
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Complementary and alternative medicine

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