Protective behavioral strategies as a mediator between depressive symptom fluctuations and alcohol consumption: A longitudinal examination among college students

Ashley Nicole Carmichael, Abby L. Braitman, James M. Henson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Use of protective behavioral strategies (PBS) has been shown to be associated with alcohol outcomes among college students in general. Only a few studies, however, have examined how mental health is related to PBS and alcohol use. Furthermore, research has not yet investigated these associations in a longitudinal framework. Consequently, the present study aimed to examine PBS as a mediator of depressive symptom fluctuations and alcohol consumption in a longitudinal weekly diary design. Method: Participants were 260 (70.8% women) undergraduate college student drinkers who completed four weekly self-report assessments of their depressive symptoms, PBS use, and alcohol outcomes experienced in the past week. Results: Results indicated significant indirect effects such that increases in depressive symptoms were associated with higher alcohol consumption (i.e., quantity, frequency, peak drinking) through reduced PBS use. PBS did not mediate the association between depressive symptoms and alcohol-related problems. Conclusions: These findings suggest that experiencing an increase in depressive symptoms was associated with a failure to use PBS and, in turn, engagement in heavier alcohol consumption. College students with greater depressive symptoms may benefit from harmreduction alcohol intervention programs that emphasize the use of PBS in drinking contexts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)80-88
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Volume76
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Fingerprint

alcohol consumption
Alcohol Drinking
fluctuation
Alcohols
Depression
Students
examination
alcohol
student
Drinking
Self Report
Mental Health
mental health
Health
Research

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

@article{3a9d016dc0ab47478b52cf4846e1f9be,
title = "Protective behavioral strategies as a mediator between depressive symptom fluctuations and alcohol consumption: A longitudinal examination among college students",
abstract = "Objective: Use of protective behavioral strategies (PBS) has been shown to be associated with alcohol outcomes among college students in general. Only a few studies, however, have examined how mental health is related to PBS and alcohol use. Furthermore, research has not yet investigated these associations in a longitudinal framework. Consequently, the present study aimed to examine PBS as a mediator of depressive symptom fluctuations and alcohol consumption in a longitudinal weekly diary design. Method: Participants were 260 (70.8{\%} women) undergraduate college student drinkers who completed four weekly self-report assessments of their depressive symptoms, PBS use, and alcohol outcomes experienced in the past week. Results: Results indicated significant indirect effects such that increases in depressive symptoms were associated with higher alcohol consumption (i.e., quantity, frequency, peak drinking) through reduced PBS use. PBS did not mediate the association between depressive symptoms and alcohol-related problems. Conclusions: These findings suggest that experiencing an increase in depressive symptoms was associated with a failure to use PBS and, in turn, engagement in heavier alcohol consumption. College students with greater depressive symptoms may benefit from harmreduction alcohol intervention programs that emphasize the use of PBS in drinking contexts.",
author = "Carmichael, {Ashley Nicole} and Braitman, {Abby L.} and Henson, {James M.}",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.15288/jsad.2015.76.80",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "76",
pages = "80--88",
journal = "Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs",
issn = "1937-1888",
publisher = "Alcohol Research Documentation, Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Protective behavioral strategies as a mediator between depressive symptom fluctuations and alcohol consumption

T2 - A longitudinal examination among college students

AU - Carmichael, Ashley Nicole

AU - Braitman, Abby L.

AU - Henson, James M.

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - Objective: Use of protective behavioral strategies (PBS) has been shown to be associated with alcohol outcomes among college students in general. Only a few studies, however, have examined how mental health is related to PBS and alcohol use. Furthermore, research has not yet investigated these associations in a longitudinal framework. Consequently, the present study aimed to examine PBS as a mediator of depressive symptom fluctuations and alcohol consumption in a longitudinal weekly diary design. Method: Participants were 260 (70.8% women) undergraduate college student drinkers who completed four weekly self-report assessments of their depressive symptoms, PBS use, and alcohol outcomes experienced in the past week. Results: Results indicated significant indirect effects such that increases in depressive symptoms were associated with higher alcohol consumption (i.e., quantity, frequency, peak drinking) through reduced PBS use. PBS did not mediate the association between depressive symptoms and alcohol-related problems. Conclusions: These findings suggest that experiencing an increase in depressive symptoms was associated with a failure to use PBS and, in turn, engagement in heavier alcohol consumption. College students with greater depressive symptoms may benefit from harmreduction alcohol intervention programs that emphasize the use of PBS in drinking contexts.

AB - Objective: Use of protective behavioral strategies (PBS) has been shown to be associated with alcohol outcomes among college students in general. Only a few studies, however, have examined how mental health is related to PBS and alcohol use. Furthermore, research has not yet investigated these associations in a longitudinal framework. Consequently, the present study aimed to examine PBS as a mediator of depressive symptom fluctuations and alcohol consumption in a longitudinal weekly diary design. Method: Participants were 260 (70.8% women) undergraduate college student drinkers who completed four weekly self-report assessments of their depressive symptoms, PBS use, and alcohol outcomes experienced in the past week. Results: Results indicated significant indirect effects such that increases in depressive symptoms were associated with higher alcohol consumption (i.e., quantity, frequency, peak drinking) through reduced PBS use. PBS did not mediate the association between depressive symptoms and alcohol-related problems. Conclusions: These findings suggest that experiencing an increase in depressive symptoms was associated with a failure to use PBS and, in turn, engagement in heavier alcohol consumption. College students with greater depressive symptoms may benefit from harmreduction alcohol intervention programs that emphasize the use of PBS in drinking contexts.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84923166407&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84923166407&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.15288/jsad.2015.76.80

DO - 10.15288/jsad.2015.76.80

M3 - Article

C2 - 25486396

AN - SCOPUS:84923166407

VL - 76

SP - 80

EP - 88

JO - Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs

JF - Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs

SN - 1937-1888

IS - 1

ER -