Protein kinase A and TORC1 activate genes for ribosomal biogenesis by inactivating repressors encoded by Dot6 and its homolog Tod6

Soyeon I. Lippman, James Broach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Genes required for ribosome biogenesis in yeast, referred to collectively as the Ribi regulon, are tightly regulated in coordination with nutrient availability and cellular growth rate. The promoters of a significant fraction of Ribi genes contain one or more copies of the RNA polymerases A and C (PAC) and/or ribosomal RNA-processing element (RRPE) motifs. Prompted by recent studies showing that the yeast protein Dot6 and its homolog Tod6 can bind to a PAC motif sequence in vitro and are required for efficient Ribi gene repression in response to heat shock, we have examined the role of Dot6 and Tod6 in nutrient control of Ribi gene expression in vivo. Our results indicate that PAC sites function as Dot6/Tod6-dependent repressor elements in vivo. Moreover, Dot6 and Tod6 mediate different nutrient signals, with Tod6 responsible for efficient repression of Ribi genes after inhibition of the nitrogen-sensitive TORC1 pathway and Dot6 responsible for repression after inhibition of the carbon-sensitive protein kinase A signaling pathway. Consistently, Dot6 and Tod6 are required for efficient repression of Ribi gene repression immediately after nutrient deprivation and for successful adaptation to nutrient limitation. Thus, these results establish Dot6/Tod6 as a direct link between nutrient availability, Ribi gene regulation, and growth control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19928-19933
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume106
Issue number47
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 24 2009

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Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases
Food
Genes
RNA Polymerase I
RNA Polymerase III
Heat-Shock Response
Regulon
Ribosomal RNA
Fungal Proteins
Growth
Ribosomes
mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1
Nitrogen
Carbon
Yeasts
Gene Expression

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Cite this

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title = "Protein kinase A and TORC1 activate genes for ribosomal biogenesis by inactivating repressors encoded by Dot6 and its homolog Tod6",
abstract = "Genes required for ribosome biogenesis in yeast, referred to collectively as the Ribi regulon, are tightly regulated in coordination with nutrient availability and cellular growth rate. The promoters of a significant fraction of Ribi genes contain one or more copies of the RNA polymerases A and C (PAC) and/or ribosomal RNA-processing element (RRPE) motifs. Prompted by recent studies showing that the yeast protein Dot6 and its homolog Tod6 can bind to a PAC motif sequence in vitro and are required for efficient Ribi gene repression in response to heat shock, we have examined the role of Dot6 and Tod6 in nutrient control of Ribi gene expression in vivo. Our results indicate that PAC sites function as Dot6/Tod6-dependent repressor elements in vivo. Moreover, Dot6 and Tod6 mediate different nutrient signals, with Tod6 responsible for efficient repression of Ribi genes after inhibition of the nitrogen-sensitive TORC1 pathway and Dot6 responsible for repression after inhibition of the carbon-sensitive protein kinase A signaling pathway. Consistently, Dot6 and Tod6 are required for efficient repression of Ribi gene repression immediately after nutrient deprivation and for successful adaptation to nutrient limitation. Thus, these results establish Dot6/Tod6 as a direct link between nutrient availability, Ribi gene regulation, and growth control.",
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AB - Genes required for ribosome biogenesis in yeast, referred to collectively as the Ribi regulon, are tightly regulated in coordination with nutrient availability and cellular growth rate. The promoters of a significant fraction of Ribi genes contain one or more copies of the RNA polymerases A and C (PAC) and/or ribosomal RNA-processing element (RRPE) motifs. Prompted by recent studies showing that the yeast protein Dot6 and its homolog Tod6 can bind to a PAC motif sequence in vitro and are required for efficient Ribi gene repression in response to heat shock, we have examined the role of Dot6 and Tod6 in nutrient control of Ribi gene expression in vivo. Our results indicate that PAC sites function as Dot6/Tod6-dependent repressor elements in vivo. Moreover, Dot6 and Tod6 mediate different nutrient signals, with Tod6 responsible for efficient repression of Ribi genes after inhibition of the nitrogen-sensitive TORC1 pathway and Dot6 responsible for repression after inhibition of the carbon-sensitive protein kinase A signaling pathway. Consistently, Dot6 and Tod6 are required for efficient repression of Ribi gene repression immediately after nutrient deprivation and for successful adaptation to nutrient limitation. Thus, these results establish Dot6/Tod6 as a direct link between nutrient availability, Ribi gene regulation, and growth control.

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