Although serine/threonine phosphorylation has been more commonly recognized as a mechanism to modulate the function of ion channels and receptors, tyrosine phosphorylation is under increasing scrutiny. An important subtype of glutamate receptor, the NMDA receptor, is shown to be regulated by insulin via protein tyrosine kinase (PTK). NMDA currents through cloned receptors are potentiated by insulin in a subunit-specific manner. The insulin-mediated potentiation of NMDA current is diminished by inhibitors of PTKs. At least one exogenous cytosolic PTK, pp60(c-src), is also able to potentiate NMDA current. Because later application of PTK inhibitors can reverse the seemingly stable insulin-mediated potentiation of NMDA current, it appears that tyrosine residues responsible for potentiation are continually rephosphorylated by some long-term PTK activity that was induced via insulin treatment.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of neurochemistry|
|State||Published - Jul 1996|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience