Proton affinities were calculated using density functional theory for 11 small molecules whose primary protonation site is on nitrogen, and eight small molecules that protonate on oxygen. Calculations were performed using both the local spin density approximation and nonlocal gradient corrections to the exchange correlation functional. The results were not sensitive to whether the nonlocal gradient correction was implemented on the final local spin density optimized geometry or whether the correction was included in the self-consistent calculation of the energy at each optimization step. Although negligible basis set dependence was found using the analytic Gaussian basis sets, numerical basis sets required augmentation by a double set of polarization functions to achieve reasonable agreement with experiment. All calculations systematically underestimated oxygen proton affinities.
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