Proton-conductive polymer nanocomposite membranes prepared from telechelic fluorinated polymers containing perfluorosulfonic acid side chains

Chalathorn Chanthad, Kui Xu, He Huang, Qing Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

New classes of fluorinated polymer-polysilsesquioxane nanocomposites have been designed and synthesized. The synthesis method includes radical polymerization using the functional benzoyl peroxide initiator for the telechelic fluorinated polymers with perfluorosulfonic acids in the side chains and a subsequent in situ sol-gel condensation of the prepared triethoxylsilane-terminated fluorinated polymers with oxide precursors. The telechelic polymer and nanocomposites have been carefully characterized by 1H and 19F NMR, FTIR, TGA, and TEM. The ion-exchange capacity (IEC), water uptake, the state of the absorbed water, and transport properties of the composite membranes have been extensively studied as a function of the content and structure of the fillers. Unlike the conventional Nafion/silica composites, the proton conductivity of the prepared membranes increases steadily with the addition of small amounts of the polysilsesquioxane fillers. In particular, the sulfopropylated polysilsesquioxane-based nanocomposites display proton conductivities greater than Nafion. This is attributed to the presence of pendant sulfonic acids in the fillers, which increases IEC and offers continuous proton transport channels between the fillers and the polymer matrix. The methanol permeability of the prepared membranes has also been examined. Lower methanol permeability and higher electrochemical selectivity than those of Nafion have been demonstrated in the polysilsesquioxane-based nanocomposites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4800-4810
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry
Volume48
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2010

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Fluorocarbon Polymers
Protons
Fillers
Nanocomposites
Polymers
Membranes
Proton conductivity
Acids
Methanol
Ion exchange
Benzoyl Peroxide
Benzoyl peroxide
Sulfonic Acids
Water
Composite membranes
Free radical polymerization
Polymer matrix
Silicon Dioxide
Transport properties
Oxides

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Proton-conductive polymer nanocomposite membranes prepared from telechelic fluorinated polymers containing perfluorosulfonic acid side chains",
abstract = "New classes of fluorinated polymer-polysilsesquioxane nanocomposites have been designed and synthesized. The synthesis method includes radical polymerization using the functional benzoyl peroxide initiator for the telechelic fluorinated polymers with perfluorosulfonic acids in the side chains and a subsequent in situ sol-gel condensation of the prepared triethoxylsilane-terminated fluorinated polymers with oxide precursors. The telechelic polymer and nanocomposites have been carefully characterized by 1H and 19F NMR, FTIR, TGA, and TEM. The ion-exchange capacity (IEC), water uptake, the state of the absorbed water, and transport properties of the composite membranes have been extensively studied as a function of the content and structure of the fillers. Unlike the conventional Nafion/silica composites, the proton conductivity of the prepared membranes increases steadily with the addition of small amounts of the polysilsesquioxane fillers. In particular, the sulfopropylated polysilsesquioxane-based nanocomposites display proton conductivities greater than Nafion. This is attributed to the presence of pendant sulfonic acids in the fillers, which increases IEC and offers continuous proton transport channels between the fillers and the polymer matrix. The methanol permeability of the prepared membranes has also been examined. Lower methanol permeability and higher electrochemical selectivity than those of Nafion have been demonstrated in the polysilsesquioxane-based nanocomposites.",
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Proton-conductive polymer nanocomposite membranes prepared from telechelic fluorinated polymers containing perfluorosulfonic acid side chains. / Chanthad, Chalathorn; Xu, Kui; Huang, He; Wang, Qing.

In: Journal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry, Vol. 48, No. 21, 01.11.2010, p. 4800-4810.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - New classes of fluorinated polymer-polysilsesquioxane nanocomposites have been designed and synthesized. The synthesis method includes radical polymerization using the functional benzoyl peroxide initiator for the telechelic fluorinated polymers with perfluorosulfonic acids in the side chains and a subsequent in situ sol-gel condensation of the prepared triethoxylsilane-terminated fluorinated polymers with oxide precursors. The telechelic polymer and nanocomposites have been carefully characterized by 1H and 19F NMR, FTIR, TGA, and TEM. The ion-exchange capacity (IEC), water uptake, the state of the absorbed water, and transport properties of the composite membranes have been extensively studied as a function of the content and structure of the fillers. Unlike the conventional Nafion/silica composites, the proton conductivity of the prepared membranes increases steadily with the addition of small amounts of the polysilsesquioxane fillers. In particular, the sulfopropylated polysilsesquioxane-based nanocomposites display proton conductivities greater than Nafion. This is attributed to the presence of pendant sulfonic acids in the fillers, which increases IEC and offers continuous proton transport channels between the fillers and the polymer matrix. The methanol permeability of the prepared membranes has also been examined. Lower methanol permeability and higher electrochemical selectivity than those of Nafion have been demonstrated in the polysilsesquioxane-based nanocomposites.

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