Prototyping disposable electrophoresis microchips with electrochemical detection using rapid marker masking and laminar flow etching

Drew P. Manica, Andrew G. Ewing

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two novel methods are described for the fabrication of components for microchip capillary electrophoresis with electrochemical detection (microchip CEEC) on glass substrates. First, rapid marker masking is introduced as a completely nonphotolithographic method of patterning and fabricating integrated thin-film metal electrodes onto a glass substrate. The process involves applying the pattern directly onto the metal layer with a permanent marker that masks the ensuing chemical etch. The method is characterized, and the performance of the resulting electrode is evaluated using catecholamines. The response compares well with photolithographically defined electrodes and exhibits detection limits of 648 nM and 1.02 μM for dopamine and catechol, respectively. Second, laminar flow etching is introduced as a partially nonphotolithographic method of replicating channel networks onto glass substrates. The replication process involves applying a poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) mold of the channel network onto a slide coated with a sacrificial metal layer and then pulling solutions of metal etchants through the channels to transfer the pattern onto the sacrificial layer. The method is tested, and prototype channel networks are shown. These methods serve to overcome the time and cost involved in fabricating glass-based microchips, thereby making the goal of a disposable high performance lab-on-a-chip more attainable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3735-3743
Number of pages9
JournalELECTROPHORESIS
Volume23
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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