PSR J2229+6114: Discovery of an energetic young pulsar in the error box of the EGRET source 3EG J2227+6122

J. P. Halpern, F. Camilo, E. V. Gotthelf, D. J. Helfand, M. Kramer, A. G. Lyne, K. M. Leighly, M. Eracleous

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Abstract

We report the detection of radio and X-ray pulsations at a period of 51.6 ms from the X-ray source RX/AX J2229.0+6114 in the error box of the EGRET source 3EG J2227+6122. An ephemeris derived from a single ASCA observation and multiple epochs at 1412 MHz from Jodrell Bank indicates steady spin-down with P = 7.83 × 10-14 s s-1. From the measured P and Ṗ, we derive spin-down power Ė = 2.2 × 1037 ergs s-1, magnetic field Bp = 2.0 × 1012 G, and characteristic age P/2Ṗ = 10,460 yr. An image from the Chandra X-Ray Observatory reveals a point source surrounded by centrally peaked diffuse emission that is contained within an incomplete radio shell. We assign the name G106.6+2.9 to this new supernova remnant, which is evidently a pulsar wind nebula. For a distance of 3 kpc estimated from X-ray absorption, the ratio of X-ray luminosity to spin-down power is ≈8 × 10-5, smaller than that of most pulsars but similar to the Vela pulsar. If PSR J2229+6114 is the counterpart of 3EG J2227+6122, then its efficiency of γ-ray production, if isotropic, is 0.016 (d/3 kpc)2. It obeys an established trend of γ-ray efficiency among known γ-ray pulsars, which, in combination with the demonstrated absence of any other plausible counterpart for 3EG J2227+6122, makes the identification compelling. If confirmed, this identification bolsters the pulsar model for unidentified Galactic EGRET sources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L125-L128
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume552
Issue number2 PART 2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 10 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Halpern, J. P., Camilo, F., Gotthelf, E. V., Helfand, D. J., Kramer, M., Lyne, A. G., Leighly, K. M., & Eracleous, M. (2001). PSR J2229+6114: Discovery of an energetic young pulsar in the error box of the EGRET source 3EG J2227+6122. Astrophysical Journal, 552(2 PART 2), L125-L128. https://doi.org/10.1086/320347