Psychological Adjustment of Aging Vietnam Veterans: The Role of Social Network Ties in Reengaging with Wartime Memories

Christina M. Marini, Katherine L. Fiori, Janet M. Wilmoth, Anica Pless Kaiser, Lynn Margaret Martire

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

It is projected that by 2020 there will be 8.7 million veterans over the age of 65 years, more than half (64%) of whom served during the Vietnam War. The effects of military service on mental health and well-being may be more pronounced later in life among those who served in Vietnam than prior cohorts of veterans. Many veterans confront and rework their wartime memories later in life in an attempt to find meaning and coherence, engaging in a process referred to as Later-Adulthood Trauma Reengagement (LATR). LATR often occurs in the context of other stressors that are a normative part of aging, such as role transitions (e.g., retirement), declines in physical health, and the death of close others (e.g., spouses), perhaps because these events trigger reminiscence. Importantly, LATR may result in either positive (e.g., acceptance) or negative (e.g., distress) psychological outcomes. It has been suggested that the presence of social/environmental resources, including socioemotional support, may aid veterans in successfully navigating LATR. We, therefore, review relevant areas of research to delineate the role that various layers of social context may play in -helping - or hindering - aging Vietnam veterans as they navigate LATR in the context of normative late-life stressors. We conclude by offering fruitful directions for future research and applied implications for intervention efforts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalGerontology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Vietnam
Veterans
Social Support
Wounds and Injuries
Retirement
Mental Health Services
Spouses
Emotional Adjustment
Psychology
Health
Research

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

@article{e655a75e87cc47dd947bf0aad060c460,
title = "Psychological Adjustment of Aging Vietnam Veterans: The Role of Social Network Ties in Reengaging with Wartime Memories",
abstract = "It is projected that by 2020 there will be 8.7 million veterans over the age of 65 years, more than half (64{\%}) of whom served during the Vietnam War. The effects of military service on mental health and well-being may be more pronounced later in life among those who served in Vietnam than prior cohorts of veterans. Many veterans confront and rework their wartime memories later in life in an attempt to find meaning and coherence, engaging in a process referred to as Later-Adulthood Trauma Reengagement (LATR). LATR often occurs in the context of other stressors that are a normative part of aging, such as role transitions (e.g., retirement), declines in physical health, and the death of close others (e.g., spouses), perhaps because these events trigger reminiscence. Importantly, LATR may result in either positive (e.g., acceptance) or negative (e.g., distress) psychological outcomes. It has been suggested that the presence of social/environmental resources, including socioemotional support, may aid veterans in successfully navigating LATR. We, therefore, review relevant areas of research to delineate the role that various layers of social context may play in -helping - or hindering - aging Vietnam veterans as they navigate LATR in the context of normative late-life stressors. We conclude by offering fruitful directions for future research and applied implications for intervention efforts.",
author = "Marini, {Christina M.} and Fiori, {Katherine L.} and Wilmoth, {Janet M.} and {Pless Kaiser}, Anica and Martire, {Lynn Margaret}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1159/000502340",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Gerontology",
issn = "0304-324X",
publisher = "S. Karger AG",

}

Psychological Adjustment of Aging Vietnam Veterans : The Role of Social Network Ties in Reengaging with Wartime Memories. / Marini, Christina M.; Fiori, Katherine L.; Wilmoth, Janet M.; Pless Kaiser, Anica; Martire, Lynn Margaret.

In: Gerontology, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Psychological Adjustment of Aging Vietnam Veterans

T2 - The Role of Social Network Ties in Reengaging with Wartime Memories

AU - Marini, Christina M.

AU - Fiori, Katherine L.

AU - Wilmoth, Janet M.

AU - Pless Kaiser, Anica

AU - Martire, Lynn Margaret

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - It is projected that by 2020 there will be 8.7 million veterans over the age of 65 years, more than half (64%) of whom served during the Vietnam War. The effects of military service on mental health and well-being may be more pronounced later in life among those who served in Vietnam than prior cohorts of veterans. Many veterans confront and rework their wartime memories later in life in an attempt to find meaning and coherence, engaging in a process referred to as Later-Adulthood Trauma Reengagement (LATR). LATR often occurs in the context of other stressors that are a normative part of aging, such as role transitions (e.g., retirement), declines in physical health, and the death of close others (e.g., spouses), perhaps because these events trigger reminiscence. Importantly, LATR may result in either positive (e.g., acceptance) or negative (e.g., distress) psychological outcomes. It has been suggested that the presence of social/environmental resources, including socioemotional support, may aid veterans in successfully navigating LATR. We, therefore, review relevant areas of research to delineate the role that various layers of social context may play in -helping - or hindering - aging Vietnam veterans as they navigate LATR in the context of normative late-life stressors. We conclude by offering fruitful directions for future research and applied implications for intervention efforts.

AB - It is projected that by 2020 there will be 8.7 million veterans over the age of 65 years, more than half (64%) of whom served during the Vietnam War. The effects of military service on mental health and well-being may be more pronounced later in life among those who served in Vietnam than prior cohorts of veterans. Many veterans confront and rework their wartime memories later in life in an attempt to find meaning and coherence, engaging in a process referred to as Later-Adulthood Trauma Reengagement (LATR). LATR often occurs in the context of other stressors that are a normative part of aging, such as role transitions (e.g., retirement), declines in physical health, and the death of close others (e.g., spouses), perhaps because these events trigger reminiscence. Importantly, LATR may result in either positive (e.g., acceptance) or negative (e.g., distress) psychological outcomes. It has been suggested that the presence of social/environmental resources, including socioemotional support, may aid veterans in successfully navigating LATR. We, therefore, review relevant areas of research to delineate the role that various layers of social context may play in -helping - or hindering - aging Vietnam veterans as they navigate LATR in the context of normative late-life stressors. We conclude by offering fruitful directions for future research and applied implications for intervention efforts.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85072167653&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85072167653&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1159/000502340

DO - 10.1159/000502340

M3 - Review article

C2 - 31505509

AN - SCOPUS:85072167653

JO - Gerontology

JF - Gerontology

SN - 0304-324X

ER -