Psychometric properties of the Problematic Internet Use Questionnaire

Kevin J. Kelley, Elon M. Gruber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Several instruments have been designed to measure problems associated with excessive, compulsive, or addictive use of the Internet. One such instrument, the 18-item Problematic Internet Use Questionnaire, was recently published with data supporting a three subscale model (Demetrovics et al., 2008). These researches utilized an online format with a sample taken from the general population of Hungary. We utilized an American college student sample and a paper and pencil format to perform a confirmatory factor analysis of the PIUQ. In addition, we examined the reliability and construct validity of the PIUQ by examining the scales' relationship with several indices of psychological and physical health. CFA results indicate a barely adequate and not completely problem free three factor model for the PIUQ (χ2 = 477.40; root mean square error = .097; comparative fit index = .831; Tucker Lewis coefficient = .804). Cronbach's α for the total scale was .91 while the Cronbach's α for each subscale were .81, .77, and .79. Construct validity for the model is demonstrated with significant correlations between the subscales and several indices of psychological and physical health. Suggestions for further research are provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1838-1845
Number of pages8
JournalComputers in Human Behavior
Volume26
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2010

Fingerprint

Psychometrics
Internet
Psychology
Hungary
Health
Research
Reproducibility of Results
Statistical Factor Analysis
Factor analysis
Students
Mean square error
Population
Surveys and Questionnaires
Questionnaire
World Wide Web
Psychological Health
Construct Validity
Physical Health

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

@article{3d434e390d204a929709f75e4a4a05e5,
title = "Psychometric properties of the Problematic Internet Use Questionnaire",
abstract = "Several instruments have been designed to measure problems associated with excessive, compulsive, or addictive use of the Internet. One such instrument, the 18-item Problematic Internet Use Questionnaire, was recently published with data supporting a three subscale model (Demetrovics et al., 2008). These researches utilized an online format with a sample taken from the general population of Hungary. We utilized an American college student sample and a paper and pencil format to perform a confirmatory factor analysis of the PIUQ. In addition, we examined the reliability and construct validity of the PIUQ by examining the scales' relationship with several indices of psychological and physical health. CFA results indicate a barely adequate and not completely problem free three factor model for the PIUQ (χ2 = 477.40; root mean square error = .097; comparative fit index = .831; Tucker Lewis coefficient = .804). Cronbach's α for the total scale was .91 while the Cronbach's α for each subscale were .81, .77, and .79. Construct validity for the model is demonstrated with significant correlations between the subscales and several indices of psychological and physical health. Suggestions for further research are provided.",
author = "Kelley, {Kevin J.} and Gruber, {Elon M.}",
year = "2010",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.chb.2010.07.018",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "26",
pages = "1838--1845",
journal = "Computers in Human Behavior",
issn = "0747-5632",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "6",

}

Psychometric properties of the Problematic Internet Use Questionnaire. / Kelley, Kevin J.; Gruber, Elon M.

In: Computers in Human Behavior, Vol. 26, No. 6, 01.11.2010, p. 1838-1845.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Psychometric properties of the Problematic Internet Use Questionnaire

AU - Kelley, Kevin J.

AU - Gruber, Elon M.

PY - 2010/11/1

Y1 - 2010/11/1

N2 - Several instruments have been designed to measure problems associated with excessive, compulsive, or addictive use of the Internet. One such instrument, the 18-item Problematic Internet Use Questionnaire, was recently published with data supporting a three subscale model (Demetrovics et al., 2008). These researches utilized an online format with a sample taken from the general population of Hungary. We utilized an American college student sample and a paper and pencil format to perform a confirmatory factor analysis of the PIUQ. In addition, we examined the reliability and construct validity of the PIUQ by examining the scales' relationship with several indices of psychological and physical health. CFA results indicate a barely adequate and not completely problem free three factor model for the PIUQ (χ2 = 477.40; root mean square error = .097; comparative fit index = .831; Tucker Lewis coefficient = .804). Cronbach's α for the total scale was .91 while the Cronbach's α for each subscale were .81, .77, and .79. Construct validity for the model is demonstrated with significant correlations between the subscales and several indices of psychological and physical health. Suggestions for further research are provided.

AB - Several instruments have been designed to measure problems associated with excessive, compulsive, or addictive use of the Internet. One such instrument, the 18-item Problematic Internet Use Questionnaire, was recently published with data supporting a three subscale model (Demetrovics et al., 2008). These researches utilized an online format with a sample taken from the general population of Hungary. We utilized an American college student sample and a paper and pencil format to perform a confirmatory factor analysis of the PIUQ. In addition, we examined the reliability and construct validity of the PIUQ by examining the scales' relationship with several indices of psychological and physical health. CFA results indicate a barely adequate and not completely problem free three factor model for the PIUQ (χ2 = 477.40; root mean square error = .097; comparative fit index = .831; Tucker Lewis coefficient = .804). Cronbach's α for the total scale was .91 while the Cronbach's α for each subscale were .81, .77, and .79. Construct validity for the model is demonstrated with significant correlations between the subscales and several indices of psychological and physical health. Suggestions for further research are provided.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77956188427&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77956188427&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.chb.2010.07.018

DO - 10.1016/j.chb.2010.07.018

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:77956188427

VL - 26

SP - 1838

EP - 1845

JO - Computers in Human Behavior

JF - Computers in Human Behavior

SN - 0747-5632

IS - 6

ER -