Psychosocial Barriers to Behavior Change in Preventing Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

“Why haven't people changed their behavior in response to the threat of AIDS?” This article explores potential answers to that question, focusing on psychosocial barriers to behavior change relevant to preventing the spread ofAIDS. Drawing from an organizing principle known as the Health Belief Model, five variables are examined: (a) perceived susceptibility, (b) perceived severity of the consequences of a threat, (c) perceived efficacy of behaviors, (d) enablingfactors, and (e) perceived cost of behaviors. Research pertaining to each of the five variables is reviewed, and possible interventions by counseling psychologists are briefly explored.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)585-602
Number of pages18
JournalThe Counseling Psychologist
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Psychology

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