Background: It has been recommended that all candidates for left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation undergo preoperative psychologic evaluation for risk assessment. Objective: We used the transplant evaluation rating scale (TERS) that was established for pretransplant evaluation to investigate the psychosocial assessment of patients undergoing LVAD implantation. Methods: This study retrospectively analyzed data from 125 patients with advanced heart failure who were evaluated by the TERS before LVAD implantation. Postoperative follow-up included survival, total length of hospital stay, readmissions, and post-LVAD out-of-hospital days after discharge. The cohort was stratified according to the TERS scores into low-, moderate-, and high-risk groups. The outcomes were analyzed to evaluate whether the TERS score was associated with post-LVAD adverse events. Results: The TERS, when stratified into 3 risk groups showed significant difference in 8 of the 10 psychosocial domains (p < 0.001). The mean number of outpatient days after discharge was significantly different between the low-, moderate-, and high-risk groups (p < 0.001). All other outcomes were not significantly different. Conclusions: This study showed that the TERS is successful in stratifying our patients with an LVAD into 3 risk groups, indicating the internal validity of this test. The number of out-of-hospital (outpatient) days after discharge was significantly shorter in the TERS high-risk group, which may affect the quality of life and cost of post-LVAD care.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Applied Psychology
- Psychiatry and Mental health